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Monetary Conditions Indices for the UK: A Survey

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  • Nicoletta Batini
  • Kenny Turnbull

Abstract

Monetary Conditions Indices (MCIs) are weighted averages of changes in an interest rate and an exchange rate relative to their values in a base period. A few central banks calculate MCIs for use in monetary policy. Although the Bank of England does not calculate such an index, several international organizations as well as financial corporations construct MCIs for the UK on a regular basis. In this article we survey those indices and compare their performance. We also suggest an alternative MCI for the UK to be used as a coincident indicator of stance, obtained estimating and simulating a small-scale macro-econometric model over the period 1984 Q4-1999 Q3. To overcome familiar criticisms of MCIs, our measure innovates upon existing MCIs in several respects. In this sense it may be more informative than those in understanding whether an existing level of interest rates, given the existing level of sterling, makes monetary policy “tighter” or “looser” than in previous periods.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Monetary Policy Committee Unit, Bank of England in its series Discussion Papers with number 01.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:mpc:wpaper:01

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References

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  1. Charles Freedman, 1995. "The role of monetary conditions and the monetary conditions index in the conduct of policy [speech]," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 1995(Autumn), pages 53-59.
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Cited by:
  1. Nicoletta Batini & Stephen P. Millard & Richard Harrison, 2000. "Monetary Policy Rules For An Open Economy," Computing in Economics and Finance 2000 361, Society for Computational Economics.
  2. Qayyum, Abdul, 2002. "Monetary Conditions Index: A Composite Measure of Monetary Policy in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 2153, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2002.
  3. Huang, Zhangkai, 2003. "Evidence of a bank lending channel in the UK," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 491-510, March.
  4. Muhamed Zulkhibri Abdul Majid, 2012. "Measuring monetary conditions in a small open economy: the case of Malaysia," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(3), pages 218-231, August.
  5. Sentance, Andrew & Taylor, Mark P. & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2012. "How the UK economy weathered the financial storm," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 102-123.
  6. Paulo Soares Esteves, 2003. "Monetary Conditions Index for Portugal," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.

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