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Wealth Effects In Consumption: The Financial Accelerator And Banks’ Willingness To Lend

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  • Jakob B Madsen
  • Hui Yao

Abstract

Empirical estimates point towards wealth effects in consumption that are significantly higher than predicted by economic theory. This paper argues that the wealth effects are partly or fully driven by an unobserved macroeconomic factor such as credit conditions because asset prices affect the collateral of borrowers as well as lenders. Using an instrumental variable approach it is shown that asset prices affect durable and non-durable consumption through banks’ willingness to lend and not through the traditional wealth effect channel.

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File URL: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/research/papers/2012/5612wealtheffectsmadsenyao.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Monash University, Department of Economics in its series Monash Economics Working Papers with number 56-12.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2012-56

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Postal: Department of Economics, Monash University, Victoria 3800, Australia
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Web page: http://www.buseco.monash.edu.au/eco/
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Related research

Keywords: wealth effects; credit constraints; consumption.;

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References

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  1. Lise Pichette, 2004. "Are Wealth Effects Important for Canada," Bank of Canada Review, Bank of Canada, vol. 2004(Spring), pages 29-35.
  2. Case, Karl E. & Quigley, John M. & Shiller, Robert J., 2005. "Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market," Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy, Working Paper Series qt28d3s92s, Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy.
  3. John Y. Campbell & João F. Cocco, 2005. "How Do House Prices Affect Consumption? Evidence From Micro Data," NBER Working Papers 11534, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Christopher D. Carroll & Misuzu Otsuka & Jiri Slacalek, 2011. "How Large Are Housing and Financial Wealth Effects? A New Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(1), pages 55-79, 02.
  5. Sousa, Ricardo M., 2009. "Wealth effects on consumption: evidence from the euro area," Working Paper Series 1050, European Central Bank.
  6. Madsen, Jakob B. & Mcaleer, Michael, 2000. "Direct Tests of the Permanent Income Hypothesis under Uncertainty, Inflationary Expectations and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 229-252, April.
  7. Karl E. Case & John M. Quigley & Robert J. Shiller, 2011. "Wealth Effects Revisited 1978-2009," NBER Working Papers 16848, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Sarah J. Carrington & Jakob B. Madsen, 2011. "House Prices, Credit And Willingness To Lend," Economics Series 2011_3, Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance.
  9. Anil K Kashyap & Jeremy C. Stein & David W. Wilcox, 1992. "Monetary Policy and Credit Conditions: Evidence From the Composition of External Finance," NBER Working Papers 4015, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Laurence Boone & Claude Giorno & Pete Richardson, 1998. "Stock Market Fluctuations and Consumption Behaviour: Some Recent Evidence," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 208, OECD Publishing.
  11. Campbell, John Y. & Mankiw, N. Gregory, 1990. "Permanent Income, Current Income, and Consumption," Scholarly Articles 3353762, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  12. Joseph DeJuan & John Seater, 2004. "Testing the Cross-Section Implications of Friedman's Permanent Income Hypothesis," Working Papers 04003, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2004.
  13. Adrian, Tobias & Shin, Hyun Song, 2010. "Liquidity and leverage," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 418-437, July.
  14. James M. Poterba, 2000. "Stock Market Wealth and Consumption," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(2), pages 99-118, Spring.
  15. Joseph P. Byrne & E. Philip Davis, 2003. "Disaggregate Wealth and Aggregate Consumption: an Investigation of Empirical Relationships for the G7," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 197-220, 05.
  16. Antzoulatos, Angelos A. & Tsoumas, Chris, 2010. "Financial development and household portfolios - Evidence from Spain, the U.K. and the U.S," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 300-314, March.
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