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Une approche non probabiliste d'analyse de la dynamique multidimensionnelle du bien-être. Pauvreté, vulnérabilité et exclusion

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Based on Amartya Sen's capability approach, this study first built non probabilist theoretical framework of analysis of multidimensional dynamic of welfare taking the interactions between its different components into account. Then, it developed theoretical analyses based on this framework before to propose a method of empirical application of this model on a panel with two observations. Theoretical analyses of the dynamic of welfare – by step diagram method – point out the importance of such dynamic analysis. Indeed, from two instances, on the one hand, these analyses show that the combination of the structural policies which aim at to develop opportunities or to facilitate their access and the policies which aim at to increase households capabilities would rapidly lead to sensitive poverty reduction. On the other hand, these analyses point out that the efficiency of an anti-poverty policy depends on the nature of the dynamic of welfare. One anti-poverty policy which revealed itself effective in one locality can be ineffective in an other one, if the dynamics of welfare in both localities have not same nature. An implementation of this dynamic model on a panel with two observations enables to apprehend (i) multidimensional vulnerability of each household and the degree of this vulnerability, (ii) discriminating of welfare dynamic according to gender, social class, ethnic group, locality and so on, (iii) social factors – discrimination, social and legal norms and so on – which are constraints to a positive dynamic of welfare, (iv) importance of each component of potentialities into multidimensional dynamic of well-being. For a given population, the application of this dynamic model successively on different panels corresponding to different periods permits to apprehend the evolution (on time) of (i) difficulties or facilities of households or some specifics groups access to opportunities and (ii) social constraints which hang over dynamic of welfare. That allows to know if structural policies are making in the sense of a progressive insertion of poor. Thus, this framework can enable to apprehend dynamic of well-being of a population into several aspects. However, valuations of this method require high quality of database about relatively important number of households. In the contrary case, the robustness of results is not guaranteed.(Full text in French)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 70.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: May 2002
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Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:70

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  1. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10091, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1997. "Salaire d'efficience, vulnérabilité du travail et chômage urbain au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 16, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  3. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
  4. Atkinson, Anthony B, 1999. " The Contributions of Amartya Sen to Welfare Economics," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 101(2), pages 173-90, June.
  5. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2000. "La pauvreté aux Comores : concepts, mesure et analyse," Série de recherche 04, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  6. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1996. "Pauvreté,vulnérabilité et marché du travail au Burkina Faso," Série de recherche 02, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  7. Kakwani, Nanak, 1993. "Poverty and Economic Growth with Application to Cote d'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-39, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Adama Zerbo, 2006. "Marché du crédit et travail décent au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 133, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  2. Adama Zerbo, 2006. "Marché du travail urbain et pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne : un modèle d’analyse," Documents de travail 129, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.

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