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La dynamique de la croissance est-elle pro-pauvres au Niger ?

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  • Youssoufou Hamadou Douada

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

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    Abstract

    Ce papier tente de cerner la configuration de la croissance et de la pauvreté en relation avec la dynamique des privations. Dans ce contexte, deux orientations seront poursuivies. D’une part, l’étude propose d’examiner les spécificités de la croissance pro-pauvres en fonction du bien-être selon le pays, les régions et le milieu de résidence. D’autre part, un exercice de simulation est proposé pour mesurer l’impact des différents niveaux de croissance sur la réduction de la pauvreté. Dans le premier cas, il ressort globalement que la croissance économique nigérienne est pro-pauvres, sauf dans les villes (Niamey notamment) où la croissance semble être pro-riches – l’interférence négative de l’inégalité a plus que contrebalancé l’effet positif de la croissance. Dans le second cas, si le rôle de la croissance dans la réduction de la pauvreté est sans conteste, l’exercice de simulation montre que les efforts à fournir afin de parvenir à réduire de moitié la pauvreté, d’ici à 2015, sont importants. Il faut, en réalité, un taux de croissance économique à deux chiffres pour que le Niger arrive à un tel résultat, toute chose étant égale par ailleurs. This paper tries to determine the configuration of the growth and poverty in relation to the dynamics of the deprivations. In this context, two orientations will be continued. On the one hand, the study proposes to examine specificities of the growth the pro-poor according to the wellbeing according to the country, the areas and the residence. On the other hand, a simulation is proposed to measure the impact of different levels of growth on poverty reduction. In the first case, it arises overall that the economic growth of Niger is pro-poor, except in the cities (Niamey in particular) where the growth seems to be pro-rich – the negative interference of the inequality more than counterbalanced the positive effect of the growth. In the second case, if the role of the growth in the reduction of poverty is undoubtedly, the simulation shows that the efforts required in order to reduce poverty by half, from here at 2015, are important. It is necessary to obtain a rate of economic growth with two digits so that Niger arrives at such a result, all things being equal.(Full text in french)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 164.

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    Length: 18 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:164

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    1. Ravallion, Martin & Shaohua Chen, 2001. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2666, The World Bank.
    2. Stewart, Frances & Streeten, Paul, 1971. "Conflicts between Output and Employment Objectives in Developing Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(2), pages 145-68, July.
    3. Bhagwati, Jagdish N., 1988. "Poverty and public policy," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 539-555, May.
    4. Kakwani, Nanak, 1993. "Poverty and Economic Growth with Application to Cote d'Ivoire," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 39(2), pages 121-39, June.
    5. Jean-Yves Duclos, 2009. "What is “Pro-Poor”?," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, vol. 32(1), pages 37-58, January.
    6. Ravallion, Martin, 2001. "Growth, inequality, and poverty : looking beyond averages," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2558, The World Bank.
    7. Jean-Pierre Cling & Philippe De Vreyer & Mireille Razafindrakoto & François Roubaud, 2003. "La croissance ne suffit pas pour réduire la pauvreté : le rôle des inégalités," Working Papers DT/2003/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    8. Nanak Kakwani & Shahid Khandker & Hyun H. Son, 2004. "Pro-poor growth: concepts and measurement with country case studies," Working Papers 1, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
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