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Fiscal Calculus in a New Keynesian Model with Labor Market Frictions

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Author Info

  • Alessia Campolmi

    ()
    (Central European University; Magyar Nemzeti Bank (central bank of Hungary))

  • Ester Faia

    ()
    (Goethe University Frankfurt; Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW); CEPREMAP)

  • Roland Winkler

    ()
    (Goethe University Frankfurt; Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW))

Abstract

During the Great Recession following the recent financial crisis large fiscal stimuli were implemented to counteract labor market sclerosis. We explore the effectiveness of various fiscal packages in a matching model featuring inefficient unemployment and a rich fiscal sector employing distortionary taxation and government debt. Results show that only stimuli directed toward the labor market, such as hiring subsidies, deliver large multipliers. Those policies can, indeed, abate the congestion externality, pervasive in the labor market. Various robustness checks confirm the results. The results obtained in the calibrated model are also confirmed through Bayesian estimation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary) in its series MNB Working Papers with number 2011/5.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mnb:wpaper:2011/5

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Keywords: fiscal calculus; taxation; matching frictions; bayesian estimation;

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References

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  1. Ester Faia & Wolfgang Lechthaler & Christian Merkl, 2010. "Fiscal Multipliers and the Labour Market in the Open Economy," Kiel Working Papers 1592, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Cogan, John F. & Cwik, Tobias & Taylor, John B. & Wieland, Volker, 2009. "New Keynesian versus old Keynesian government spending multipliers," Working Paper Series 1090, European Central Bank.
  3. Troy Davig & Eric M. Leeper & Todd B. Walker, 2010. ""Unfunded liabilities" and uncertain fiscal financing," Research Working Paper RWP 10-09, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  4. Mathias Trabandt & Harald Uhlig, 2006. "How Far Are We From The Slippery Slope? The Laffer Curve Revisited," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2006-023, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  5. Davig, Troy & Leeper, Eric M., 2009. "Monetary-Fiscal Policy Interactions and Fiscal Stimulus," CEPR Discussion Papers 7509, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  7. Krause, M.U. & Lubik, T.A., 2003. "The (Ir)relevance of Real Wage Rigidity in the New Keynesian Model with Search Frictions," Discussion Paper 2003-113, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  8. Leeper, Eric M. & Walker, Todd B. & Yang, Shu-Chun S., 2010. "Government investment and fiscal stimulus," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(8), pages 1000-1012, November.
  9. Merz, Monika, 1995. "Search in the labor market and the real business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 269-300, November.
  10. Andolfatto, David, 1996. "Business Cycles and Labor-Market Search," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 112-32, March.
  11. Eric M. Leeper & Todd B. Walker & Shu-Chun Susan Yang, 2009. "Government Investment and Fiscal Stimulus in the Short and Long Runs," NBER Working Papers 15153, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Yuan, Mingwei & Li, Wenli, 2000. "Dynamic employment and hours effects of government spending shocks," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 24(8), pages 1233-1263, July.
  13. Susanto Basu & John G. Fernald, 1996. "Returns to scale in U.S. production: estimates and implications," International Finance Discussion Papers 546, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  14. Alessia Campolmi & Stefano Gnocchi, 2014. "Labor Market Participation, Unemployment and Monetary Policy," Working Papers 14-9, Bank of Canada.
  15. Hosios, Arthur J, 1990. "On the Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 279-98, April.
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Cited by:
  1. James Bullard, 2012. "Death of a theory," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 83-102.
  2. Cristiano Cantore & Paul Levine & Giovanni Melina & Bo Yang, 2012. "A Fiscal Stimulus with Deep Habits and Optimal Monetary Policy," School of Economics Discussion Papers 0512, School of Economics, University of Surrey.

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