Equivalence scales and consumption inequality: a study of household consumption patterns in italy
AbstractThis paper utilises unit record survey data on expenditures and incomes of Italianhouseholds of different demographic profiles to estimate consumption equivalence scales whichmeasure the relative levels of spending required by households of different composition to attain givenlevels of utility. The equivalence scales have been obtained from the parameters of a few alternativeversions of a rank 3 complete demand system with demand shifters. Among the demographic variablesincluded in the models, the type of housing tenure and the age of children have special relevance. We have also computed the expenditure elasticities for the most common types of households and analysed how deflating expenditure with the equivalence scales affects consumption inequality amonghouseholds. The analysis is developed within the framework of hypothesised utility maximising behaviour of households.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 1999-02.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 1999
Date of revision:
Equivalence scales; Rank 3 demand systems; Income inequality.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
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