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Have Welfare-To-Work Programs Improved Over Time In Putting Welfare Recipients To Work?

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Author Info

  • David H. Greenberg

    ()
    (University of Maryland-Baltimore County)

  • Philip K. Robins

    (Department of Economics, University of Miami)

Abstract

Data from 76 experimental welfare-to-work programs conducted in the United States between 1983 and 1998 are used to investigate whether the impacts of such programs on employment had been improving over time and whether specific program features influencing such changes can be identified. Over the period, an increasing percentage of control group members received services similar to those offered to program group members. As a result, differential participation in program service activities between program and control group members decreased steadily over time. This reduction in the net receipt of program services tended to reduce the impact of these programs on employment. However, the negative influence of the reduced incremental services was offset by other factors that resulted in program impacts remaining essentially constant from 1983 to 1998. Suggestions are made for possibly improving program impacts in future experiments.

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File URL: http://www.bus.miami.edu/_assets/files/faculty-and-research/academic-departments/eco/eco-working-papers/2010/wp-2010-27-Have-Welfare-to-Work-Programs.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Miami, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2010-27.

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Date of creation: Sep 2010
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Publication status: Forthcoming: Working paper
Handle: RePEc:mia:wpaper:2010-27

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Related research

Keywords: Welfare Programs; Program Evaluation; Employment Behavior of Low-Income Families; Meta Analysis;

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  1. Bruce D. Meyer & Dan T. Rosenbaum, 1998. "Welfare, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Labor Supply of Single Mothers," JCPR Working Papers 32, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  2. Daniel Friedlander & David H. Greenberg & Philip K. Robins, 1997. "Evaluating Government Training Programs for the Economically Disadvantaged," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(4), pages 1809-1855, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Carlos A. Flores & Oscar A. Mitnik, 2013. "Comparing Treatments across Labor Markets: An Assessment of Nonexperimental Multiple-Treatment Strategies," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 95(5), pages 1691-1707, December.

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