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Gender Differences Disappear with Exposure to Competition

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Author Info

  • Christopher Cotton

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Miami)

  • Frank McIntyre

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602)

  • Joseph Price

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602)

Abstract

Past research nds that males outperform females in competitive situations. Using data from multiple-round math tournaments, we verify this nding during the initial round of competition. The performance gap between males and females, however, disappears after the rst round. In later rounds, only math ability (not gender) serves as a signi cant predictor of performance. Several possible explanations are discussed. The results suggest that we should be cautious about using data from one-round experiments to generalize about behavior.

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File URL: http://moya.bus.miami.edu/~ccotton/papers/cotton_mcintyre_price_2009.pdf
File Function: First version, 2009
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Miami, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2010-11.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published
Handle: RePEc:mia:wpaper:2010-11

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Related research

Keywords: Competitiveness; Gender Differences; Field Experiment;

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Cited by:
  1. Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva, 2011. "In Bloom: Gender Differences in Preferences among Adolescents," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 734, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 27 Jun 2012.
  2. Anna Dreber & Emma Essen & Eva Ranehill, 2011. "Outrunning the gender gap—boys and girls compete equally," Experimental Economics, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 567-582, November.
  3. Migheli, Matteo, 2010. "Gender at work: Productivity and incentives," POLIS Working Papers 142, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  4. Juan-Camilo Cárdenas & Anna Dreber & Emma von Essen & Eva Ranehill, 2011. "Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Risk Taking: Comparing Children in Colombia and Sweden," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 008910, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  5. Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva, 2011. "Gender and Competition in Adolescence: Task Matter," Research Papers in Economics 2011:14, Stockholm University, Department of Economics, revised 08 Mar 2013.

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