Coping with Change: The Need to Restructure Urban Governance and Finance in India
AbstractOver 330 million people live in India’s 5,165 cities, and 35 cities have a population of over a million each. Three (Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata) of the 10 largest metropolises in the world are in India. Over two-thirds of India’s GDP originates in urban agglomerations in the country. However, urban governance and finance in India leave much to be desired in terms of providing services to the country’s burgeoning urban population while accommodating different needs and pressures and adapting to shocks, whether natural or human-caused. This paper draws on lessons from fiscal federalism theory and the experiences of governance institutions and financing systems around the world to identify some key reforms needed to ensure more citizen participation and greater accountability in urban governance, and to augment and strengthen the capacity of Indian cities to deliver more adequate services and provide needed urban infrastructure.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Toronto, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance in its series IMFG Papers with number 04.
Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in hard copy and online
India; metropolitan areas; governance; finance;
Other versions of this item:
- Richard M. Bird & M. Govinda Rao, 2012. "Coping with Change: The Need to Restructure Urban Governance and Finance in India," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1203, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
- R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis
- H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
- H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
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