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Nanotechnology research in Turkey: A university-driven achievement

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Author Info

  • Berna Beyhan

    ()
    (TEKPOL, Science and Technology Policy Studies, Middle East Technical University)

  • M. Teoman Pamukçu

    ()
    (TEKPOL, Science and Technology Policy Studies, Middle East Technical University)

Abstract

We deal with nanotechnology research activities in Turkey. Based on publication data retrieved from ISI Web of SSCI database, the main actors and the main characteristics of nanotechnology research in Turkey are identified. Following a brief introduction to nanoscience and nanotechnology research, it goes on with a discussion on nanotechnology related science and technology policy efforts in developing countries and particularly in Turkey. Then using bibliometric methods and social network analysis techniques, this paper aims to understand the main actors of the nanoscale research in Turkey and how they collaborate across institutes and disciplines. The research indicates that there has been an exponential growth in the number of research articles published by Turkish nanoscience and nanotechnology (NST) scholars for the last ten years. However, the analysis of the main characteristics of nanotechnology research carried out at Turkish universities indicates some drawbacks and barriers to the future development of nanotechnology research in Turkey. These barriers are (i) a high concentration of nanoscale research at certain universities; (ii) low level of interdisciplinarity; (iii) a large number of universities which are not well connected to other universities in the field, and finally (iv) low level of international collaborations. Finally, science and technology policy implications of this research are discussed in the conclusion.

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File URL: http://www.stps.metu.edu.tr/sites/stps.metu.edu.tr/files/1107.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by STPS - Science and Technology Policy Studies Center, Middle East Technical University in its series STPS Working Papers with number 1107.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision: Jul 2011
Handle: RePEc:met:stpswp:1107

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Postal: Ankara 06531
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Web page: http://www.stps.metu.edu.tr
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Related research

Keywords: Emerging technologies nanotechnology; nanoscience; scientific publications; SSCI; bibliometric data; social network analysis; collaborations; interdisciplinarity; science and technology policies; emerging economies; Turkey.;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  2. repec:hal:gemptp:hal-00424519 is not listed on IDEAS
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  7. Zucker, Lynne G & Darby, Michael R & Armstrong, Jeff, 1998. "Geographically Localized Knowledge: Spillovers or Markets?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(1), pages 65-86, January.
  8. Niosi, Jorge & Reid, Susan E., 2007. "Biotechnology and Nanotechnology: Science-based Enabling Technologies as Windows of Opportunity for LDCs?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 426-438, March.
  9. Ismael Rafols & Martin Meyer, 2008. "Diversity and network coherence as indicators of interdisciplinarity: Case studies in bionanoscience," SPRU Working Paper Series 167, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
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