Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

The Impact of Provincial Maternity and Parental Leave Policies on Employment Rates of Women with Young Children in Canada

Contents:

Author Info

  • Adrienne ten Cate
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Maternity and parental leave policies are on the forefront of the current political agenda in Canada. This paper answers the question: does maternity and parental leave (M/PL) policy raise or lower the probability of employment for a woman? One unique feature of M/PL policy in Canada is the variation in mandated unpaid job-protected leave allowances across provinces. This variation is used in this study to identify the effect of provincial M/PL policies on employment rates of women with young children. Using the Canadian Labour Force Survey (LFS) data from 1976 to 2000, I find evidence that M/PL policy reduces the gap between the employment probabilities of women with young children versus women with older children. Moreover, a difference-in-differences model predicts a 3 to 4 percent increase in the probability of employment for women with young children (aged 0 to 2) relative to women with older children as a result of M/PL policy.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/rsrch/papers/archive/2003-03.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by McMaster University in its series Department of Economics Working Papers with number 2003-03.

    as in new window
    Length: 48 pages
    Date of creation: Mar 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mcm:deptwp:2003-03

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M4
    Phone: (905) 525-9140 ext. 22765
    Fax: (905) 521-8232
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.economics.mcmaster.ca/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    References

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
    as in new window
    1. Christopher J. Ruhm, 1996. "The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe," NBER Working Papers 5688, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Phipps, S.A., 1998. "Potential Access to Maternity and Parental Benefits in Canada: Implications of the Switch from UI to EI," Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive, Dalhousie, Department of Economics 98-02, Dalhousie, Department of Economics.
    3. Schwartz, L., 1988. "Parental and Maternity Leave Policies in Canada and Sweden," Papers, Queen's at Kingston - Sch. of Indus. Relat. Research Essay Series 18, Queen's at Kingston - Sch. of Indus. Relat. Research Essay Series.
    4. Christopher J. Ruhm & Jackqueline L. Teague, 1995. "Parental Leave Policies in Europe and North America," NBER Working Papers 5065, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Phipps, S.A., 1998. "Potential Access to Maternity and Parental Benefits in Canada: Implications of the Switch from UI to EI," Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive, Dalhousie, Department of Economics 98-02, Dalhousie, Department of Economics.
    6. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 1998. "Empirical Strategies in Labor Economics," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 780, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    7. Shelley Phipps & Peter Burton & Lynn Lethbridge, 2001. "In and out of the labour market: long-term income consequences of child-related interruptions to women's paid work," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(2), pages 411-429, May.
    8. Yoshio Higuchi & Jane Waldfogel & Masahiro Abe, 1999. "Family leave policies and women's retention after childbirth: Evidence from the United States, Britain, and Japan," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 523-545.
    9. Shelley A. Phipps, 2000. "Maternity and Parental Benefits in Canada: Are there Behavioural Implications?," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, University of Toronto Press, vol. 26(4), pages 415-436, December.
    10. Marit RÃnsen & Marianne SundstrÃm, 1996. "Maternal employment in Scandinavia: A comparison of the after-birth employment activity of Norwegian and Swedish women," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 267-285.
    11. Ronsen, Marit & Sundstrom, Marianne, 1996. "Maternal Employment in Scandinavia: A Comparison of the After-Birth Employment Activity of Norwegian and Swedish Women," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 267-85, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Raquel Bernal & Adriana Camacho & Carmen Elisa Flórez & Alejandro Gaviria, 2009. "Desarrollo económico: retos y políticas públicas," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 005269, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:mcm:deptwp:2003-03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ().

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.