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Earnings Inequality in Australia: Changes and Causes

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  • Jeff Borland

    (Australian National University)

Abstract

This paper reviews research which has examined recent developments in earnings inequality in Australia. Three main issues are addressed. First, what have been the dimension and timing of changes in earnings inequality which have occurred? Second, how have earnings differentials between workers in different age groups and with different levels of educational attainment changed, and to what extent can those changes be explained by shifts in the relative demand for labour and relative supply of labour by level of skill? Third, what do we know about the causes of changes in earnings inequality?

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File URL: http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/rsrch/papers/CILN/cilnwp05.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by McMaster University in its series Canadian International Labour Network Working Papers with number 05.

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Date of creation: Feb 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mcm:cilnwp:05

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  1. Chia, Tai-Tee, 1991. "Has the Value of a Degree Fallen? Cross-Sectional versus Time-Series Evidence," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 0(0), pages 41-52, Supplemen.
  2. Steven J. Davis, 1992. "Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1992, Volume 7, pages 239-300 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Peter Saunders, 1995. "Unpacking Inequality: Wage Incomes, Disposable Incomes and Living Standards," Discussion Papers 0063, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
  4. Katharine G. Abraham & Susan Houseman, 1995. "Earnings Inequality in Germany," NBER Chapters, in: Differences and Changes in Wage Structures, pages 371-404 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Lawrence F. Katz & Gary W. Loveman & David G. Blanchflower, 1993. "A Comparison of Changes in the Structure of Wages," NBER Working Papers 4297, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Norris, Keith, 1977. "The Dispersion of Earnings in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 53(144), pages 475-89, December.
  7. Borland, J., 1995. "Education and the Structure of Earnings in Australia," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 494, The University of Melbourne.
  8. Griliches, Zvi, 1969. "Capital-Skill Complementarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(4), pages 465-68, November.
  9. Borland, Jeff & Wilkins, Roger, 1996. "Earnings Inequality in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 72(216), pages 7-23, March.
  10. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  11. Levy, Frank & Murnane, Richard J, 1992. "U.S. Earnings Levels and Earnings Inequality: A Review of Recent Trends and Proposed Explanations," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1333-81, September.
  12. Gregory, R G, 1991. "Jobs and Gender: A Lego Approach to the Australian Labour Market," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 0(0), pages 20-40, Supplemen.
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