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Union Effects and Earnings Dispersion in Australia, 1986-1994

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  • Jeff Borland

    (Australian National University)

Abstract

In Australia, a large decline in union density has occurred since the mid-1970's. This paper examines the relation between the decline in union density and the dispersion of earnings in Australia between 1986 and 1994. Changes in union density are found to be associated with an increase in earnings dispersion for male employees over this period, but do not appear to be strongly related to changes in earnings dispersion for female employees. The main cause of changes in earnings dispersion for both male and female employees has been an increase in the dispersion of earnings of nonunion employees.

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File URL: http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/rsrch/papers/CILN/cilnwp04.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by McMaster University in its series Canadian International Labour Network Working Papers with number 04.

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Date of creation: Dec 1994
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Handle: RePEc:mcm:cilnwp:04

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  1. Jeff Borland, 1991. "Incomes Policies in Australia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 24(2), pages 45-50.
  2. Richard B. Freeman, 1991. "How Much Has De-Unionisation Contributed to the Rise in Male Earnings Inequality?," NBER Working Papers 3826, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Miller, Paul & Mulvey, Charles, 1993. "What Do Australians Unions Do?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 69(206), pages 315-42, September.
  4. Borland, J. & Kennedy, S., 1998. "Earnings Inequality in Australia," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 389, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  5. Kenyon, Peter D & Lewis, Philip E T, 1992. "Trade Union Membership and the Accord," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(59), pages 325-45, December.
  6. Borland, Jeff & Ouliaris, S, 1994. "The Determinants of Australian Trade Union Membership," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(4), pages 453-68, Oct.-Dec..
  7. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  8. David Card, 1992. "The Effect of Unions on the Distribution of Wages: Redistribution or Relabelling?," NBER Working Papers 4195, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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