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What'S Space Got To Do With It? Distance And Agricultural Productivity Before The Railway Age

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  • George Grantham

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    Abstract

    This paper argues that the conventional Malthusian account of pre-modern economies as constrained by diminishing returns resulting from a fixed land supplied is flawed because it does not recognize the importance of systematic indivisibilities in the production and distribution of farm produce that supported increasing return to additional inputs when the demand price of produce warranted them. Those indivisibilities locked in low-intensity farming practices in places where the demand for produce was diffuse. Most of pre-industrial Europe was in that situation, so average agricultural productivity was low. It was only in regions where urban concentrations of consumers aggregated demand to a level capable of inducing extra investment to exploit latent returns to scale in farming and transportation that the productivity of traditional mixed farming achieved its full potential.

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    File URL: http://www.mcgill.ca/files/economics/Space_Revised_Version.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by McGill University, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2010-04.

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    Length: 59 pages
    Date of creation: May 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mcl:mclwop:2010-04

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    10. Grantham, George W., 1980. "The Persistence of Open-Field Farming in Nineteenth-Century France," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 40(03), pages 515-531, September.
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