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Geringqualifizierte Arbeit, Marktlöhne und Sozialpolitik: Konzepte für Deutschland

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  • Jochen Michaelis

    ()
    (Universität Kassel)

  • Alexander Spermann

    ()
    (Universität Freiburg, ZEW, IZA, Randstad, Helfman-Park 8, D-65760 Eschborn)

Abstract

In diesem Beitrag wird die Grundsicherungsdiskussion der letzten zehn Jahre in Deutschland zusammengefasst. Diese Diskussion wurde in den neunziger Jahren unter dem Stichwort "Bürgergeld" und in den letzten Jahren unter dem Stichwort "Kombilohn" geführt. Bei der Bürgergelddiskussion stand die Vereinfachung des sozialen Sicherungssystems im Mittelpunkt. Die über hundert verschiedenen Transfers an Haushalte sollten ersatzlos zugunsten eines einzigen Transfers gestrichen werden: dem Bürgergeld. Dabei sollten die Höhe und die Anrechnung eigenen Einkommens der Bürgergeldempfänger anreizfreundlich ausgestaltet werden. Die in Spermann (2001) ausführlich dargestellte Bürgergelddiskussion führte zu mehreren Modellversuchen mit bürgergeldverwandten Instrumenten, die bundesweite Einführung wurde dagegen angesichts hoher errechneter fiskalischer Belastungen verworfen. In den letzten Jahren lebte die Bürgergelddiskussion unter dem Namen Kombilohn erneut auf – vor dem Hintergrund hoher Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit. Unter dem Stichwort Kombilohn werden sowohl Einkommenszuschüsse an Arbeitnehmer (in der Regel innerhalb des bestehenden Grundscherungssystems) als auch Lohnkostenzuschüsse an Arbeitgeber verstanden.

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Paper provided by Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) in its series MAGKS Papers on Economics with number 200920.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in
Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:200920

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bräuninger, Michael & Michaelis, Jochen & Sode, Madlen, 2013. "10 Jahre Hartz-Reformen," HWWI Policy Papers 73, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    • Michael Bräuninger & Jochen Michaelis & Madlen Sode, 2013. "10 Jahre Hartz-Reformen," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201318, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  2. Andreas Peichl & Nico Pestel & Hilmar Schneider & Sebastian Siegloch, 2011. "Reform der Hartz IV‐Hinzuverdienstregelungen: Ein verfehlter Ansatz," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(1), pages 12-26, 02.
  3. Berthold, Norbert & Coban, Mustafa, 2013. "Kombilohn oder Workfare? Wege aus der strukturellen Arbeitslosigkeit auf dem Prüfstand," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge 122, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik.

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