The Relevance of Irrelevant Alternatives: An experimental investigation of risky choices
AbstractExperimental economists have discovered various violations of expected utility theory and offered alternative models that can explain laboratory results. This study discovers a new violation in risky choices that cannot be explained by theories like Prospect Theory, Disappoint- ment or Regret Theory. In an experimental setting using a between- subject design, the influence of a dominated alternative on certainty equivalents is shown. One group of subjects was offered a series of choices between a lottery ticket with a 50-50 chance of winning and a sure payoff. A second group was offered the same choice plus a third alternative, that as it turned out was not chosen by any participant. As a result, the average chosen sure payoff in the second group was higher than in the first group. That means, by adding a dominated alternative to a choice set, the certainty equivalent of a lottery is in- creased.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management in its series FEMM Working Papers with number 08028.
Length: 11 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-10-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2008-10-21 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-DCM-2008-10-21 (Discrete Choice Models)
- NEP-EXP-2008-10-21 (Experimental Economics)
- NEP-HPE-2008-10-21 (History & Philosophy of Economics)
- NEP-UPT-2008-10-21 (Utility Models & Prospect Theory)
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