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Microcrédit, pauvreté et autonomisation des femmes au Bénin

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Author Info

  • Dieudonné Bleossi Dahoun
  • Olivier Manlan
  • Cosme Vodonou
  • Saint-Martin Mongan
  • Damien Mededji
  • Janvier P. Alofa

Abstract

Cette étude apprécie l’impact du microcrédit sur l’autonomisation des femmes chefs de ménages au Bénin à partir de la méthode des groupes appariés, inspirée des travaux de Rosenbaum & Rubin [1983], Rubin [2006] et Abadie & Imbens [2006]. A cet effet et au regard des données disponibles (EMICoV 2010), quatre principales dimensions d’autonomisation ont été retenues, à savoir : (i) alphabétisme et niveau d’instruction, (ii) responsabilités sociales et conditions de vie, (iii) participation et droits politiques et (iv) participation et droits culturels. Les résultats obtenus suggèrent globalement un impact positif et significatif du microcrédit sur l’autonomisation des femmes au Bénin, en particulier les pauvres. Cet impact global est l’expression de l’effet significatif du microcrédit sur les dimensions « responsabilités sociales et condition des vie » et « participation et droits culturels » de l’autonomisation. Ainsi, en permettant aux femmes d’être économiquement actives, le microcrédit leur permet d’avoir des possibilités de s’informer et de constituer notamment des actifs physiques qui leur permet d’acquérir plus d’influence dans la communauté.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2013-13.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2013-13

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Keywords: Revenu des Ménages - Autonomisation des femmes - Impact de la politique de Microcrédit - Pauvreté - Responsabilités sociales et conditions de vie - Méthode des groupes appariés;

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