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A qui profitent les dépenses sociales au Tchad? Une analyse d'incidence à partir des données d'enquête

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Author Info

  • Nakar Djindil Syntiche
  • Tabo Symphorien Ndang
  • Toinar Mogota Anatole
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    Abstract

    Cette étude examine l'incidence des dépenses publiques dans les secteurs de l'éducation et de la santé maternelle et infantile au niveau des ménages au Tchad. Le niveau de vie a étét appréhendé par un indicateur composite de pauvreté. Les résultats montrent qu'il existe une très forte sélectivité sociale dans l'utilisation des transferts de santé et d'éducation au Tchad. L'analyse révèle qu'une expansion des transferts sanitaires et éducatifs pourrait ne pas profiter aux plus défavorisés sauf si elle est accompagnée de réformes pro pauvres dans la distribution de ces ressources entre les structures déconcentrées, d'une part et d'autre part, l'utilisation à un niveau déconcentré, notamment, en faveur des structures utilisées constamment par les plus pauvres. Il a été aussi constaté qu'il existe un faible lien entre les moyens publics utilisés et les résultats obtenus en matière d'accessibilité aux services sociaux de base. Axer la gestion sur les résultats devient alors une nécessité, surtout dans le contexte des OMD et SNRP.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2007-11.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-11

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    Related research

    Keywords: Incidence des bénéfices; pauvreté multidimensionnelle; services publics; Tchad;

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    1. Wolfgang Hardle & Oliver Linton, 1994. "Applied Nonparametric Methods," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1069, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    2. Shigeru Iwata & Mohsin S. Khan & Hiroshi Murao, 2003. "Sources of Economic Growth in East Asia: A Nonparametric Assessment," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 50(2), pages 1.
    3. Angus Deaton & Serena Ng, 1997. "Parametric and non-parametric approaches to price and tax reform," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 376, Boston College Department of Economics.
    4. Decaluwe, B. & Patry, A. & Savard, L. & Thorbecke, E., 1999. "Poverty Analysis Within a General Equilibrium Framework," Cahiers de recherche 9909, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
    5. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Benefit Incidence, Public Spending Reforms, and the Timing of Program Capture," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 257-73, May.
    6. Aaron, Henry & McGuire, Martin, 1970. "Public Goods and Income Distribution," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 38(6), pages 907-20, November.
    7. van de Walle, Dominique, 1998. "Assessing the welfare impacts of public spending," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 365-379, March.
    8. Brennan, Geoffrey, 1976. "The Distributional Implications of Public Goods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 391-99, March.
    9. Erwin Tiongson & Hamid Reza Davoodi & Sawitree S. Asawanuchit, 2003. "How Useful are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending," IMF Working Papers 03/227, International Monetary Fund.
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