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Impact des échelles d'équivalence sur la répartition spatiale de la pauvreté au Cameroun: une approche dynamique

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Author Info

  • Luc Nembot Ndeffo
  • Ngangue Ngwen
  • Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum
  • Cyrille Bergaly Kamdem
  • Marianne Makoudem
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    Abstract

    Le problème que pose la présente étude est celui de la prise en compte du coût relatif des enfants par rapport à celui des adultes et des économies d’échelles dans l’appréciation du bien-être des ménages. Les résultats issus des échelles empiriques construites à cet effet montrent que les ménages dirigés par les femmes sont plus pauvres que ceux dirigés par les hommes. La pauvreté est plus ambiante dans les zones rurales, dans les ménages dont le chef est analphabète et dans les ménages dont le chef exerce dans le secteur informel. En ce qui concerne la dynamique, les résultats montrent que la pauvreté a augmenté au Cameroun entre 1996 et 2001. Bien que certains résultats confortent ceux issus des échelles « Recommended Dietary Allowances » (RDA) utilisées par l’Institut national de la Statistique, d’autres les remettent en question. Les résultats de l’étude recommandent la mise en œuvre de politiques spécifiques pour la réduction de la pauvreté.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2007-04.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-04

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    Keywords: Échelle d'équivalence; pauvreté; fichiers harmonisés; échelle globale; échelles spécifiques aux biens; Cameroun;

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    References

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    1. Duclos, J.Y. & Mercader-Prats, M., 1996. "Household Needs and Poverty: With Application to Spain and the UK," Papers 9614, Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique.
    2. Ravallion, Martin, 1994. "Measuring Social Welfare with and without Poverty Lines," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 359-64, May.
    3. Lanjouw, Peter & Ravallion, Martin & DEC, 1994. "Poverty and household size," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1332, The World Bank.
    4. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
    5. Coulter, Fiona A E & Cowell, Frank A & Jenkins, Stephen P, 1992. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Extent of Inequality and Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1067-82, September.
    6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Justin Bem & Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum & Tatiana Morel Samo Tcheeko & Jacksone Essoh, 2013. "Efficience de production du secteur informel non-agricole et réduction de la pauvreté au Cameroun," Working Papers PMMA 2013-06, PEP-PMMA.

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