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Household Needs and Poverty: with Application to Spain and the UK

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  • Duclos, Jean-Yves

    ()

  • Mercarder-Prats, Magda

Abstract

We examine the sensitivity of poverty comparisons across countries with dissimilar household needs when equivalence scale parameters are varied. We use a sample of Spanish and British households, using both absolute and relative poverty lines. We sum up these comparisons using subjective confidence levels. We find, inter alia, that although the poor are typically more numerous in Spain than in Britain, the actual headcount differences may vary by up to 10% when needs allowances are altered, even when kept the same across the two countries. Comparisons of poverty composition across the two countries are also very sensitive to the choice of equivalence scale parameters.

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Paper provided by Université Laval - Département d'économique in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 9614.

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Date of creation: 1996
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9614

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Cited by:
  1. Miguel Székely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & José Antonio Mejía-Guerra, 2000. "Do We Know How Much Poverty There Is?," IDB Publications 6477, Inter-American Development Bank.
  2. Coral del Río & Javier Ruiz-Castillo, 2001. "TIPs for poverty analysis. The case of Spain, 1980-81 to 1990-91," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(1), pages 63-91, January.
  3. Luc Nembot Ndeffo & Ngangue Ngwen & Pierre Joubert Nguetse Tegoum & Cyrille Bergaly Kamdem & Marianne Makoudem, 2007. "Impact des échelles d'équivalence sur la répartition spatiale de la pauvreté au Cameroun: une approche dynamique," Working Papers PMMA, PEP-PMMA 2007-04, PEP-PMMA.
  4. Luis Ayala & Rosa Martínez & Jesús Ruiz Huerta, 2003. "Equivalence scales in tax and transfer policies," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 27(3), pages 593-614, September.
  5. Francisco Azpitarte, 2011. "Measurement and identification of asset-poor households: a cross-national comparison of Spain and the United Kingdom," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 87-110, March.
  6. Núñez Velázquez, José Javier, 2009. "Estado actual y nuevas aproximaciones a la medición de la pobreza/Current Status and New Approaches to the Measurement of Poverty," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 325-346, Agosto.
  7. Elena Bárcena Martín & Frank A Cowell, 2006. "Static and Dynamic Poverty in Spain, 1993-2000," STICERD - Distributional Analysis Research Programme Papers 77, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  8. Olga Cantó & Coral del Río & Carlos Gradín, 2003. "La evolución de la pobreza estática y dinámica en España en el período 1985-1995," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 167(4), pages 87-119, December.
  9. Olga Cantó-Sánchez & Magda Mercader-Prats, . "Poverty among children and youth in Spain: The role of parents and youth employment status," Studies on the Spanish Economy 46, FEDEA.
  10. Sara Torregrosa Hetland, 2014. "A fiscal revolution? Progressivity in the Spanish tax system, 1960-1990," Working Papers 2014/8, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  11. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2004. "Migration, poverty, and housing in Honduras," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 31(1 Year 20), pages 5-20, June.
  12. Pérez Moreno, Salvador, 2009. "El estudio de la pobreza en España desde una óptica económica: medición y políticas /The Study of Poverty in Spain from an Economic Perspective: Measurement and Policies," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 27, pages 349-372, Agosto.
  13. Miguel Székely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & José Antonio Mejía-Guerra, 2000. "¿Sabemos qué tanta pobreza hay?," Research Department Publications 4240, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  14. Francisco Azpitarte, 2008. "Measurement and Identification of Asset-Poor Households: A Cross-National Comparison of Spain and the United Kingdom," Working Papers 105, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  15. Antonio Cutanda, 2002. "La medición de la desigualdad a través de un modelo de elección intertemporal," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 163(4), pages 93-117, December.
  16. Josep Oliver Alonso & Xavier Ramos & José Luis Raymond-Bara, 2001. "Recent trends in Spanish Income Distribution: A Robust Picture of Falling Income Inequality," Working Papers wp0107, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  17. Huesca, Luis, 2004. "¿Desaparece la clase media en México?: Una aplicación de la polarización por subgrupos entre 1984 y 2000
    [Is the middle class vanishing in Mexico?: An application of polarization by subgroups betwe
    ," MPRA Paper 14390, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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