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Progressivity, Redistribution and Equity, with Application to the British Tax and Benefit System

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  • DUCLOS, Jean-Yves

Abstract

We propose a general class of indices of horizontal inequity that complements existing classes of progressivity and vertical equity indices. The class of horizontal inequity indices can also correct for biases in measuring a general class of inequality measures. We illustrate our results using the 1985 British tax and benefit system, highlighting the separate contribution of individual taxes and benefits to the overall indices of progressivity, vertical equity, horizontal inequity, and inequality reduction.

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File URL: http://www.ecn.ulaval.ca/w3/recherche/cahiers/1994/9403.ps
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université Laval - Département d'économique in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 9403.

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Date of creation: 1994
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:laeccr:9403

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Keywords: Progressivity; Horizontal Equity; Income Redistribution;

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Cited by:
  1. DUCLOS, Jean-Yves, 1995. "Economic Isolation, Inequality, and the Suits Index of Progressivity," Cahiers de recherche 9510, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  2. Jean-Yves Duclos, 2000. "Gini Indices and the Redistribution of Income," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(2), pages 141-162, March.
  3. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Jalbert, Vincent & Araar, Abdelkrim, 2003. "Classical Horizontal Inequity and Reranking: an Integrating Approach," Cahiers de recherche 0306, CIRPEE.
  4. André DECOSTER & Guy VAN CAMP, 2000. "Redistributive Effects of the Shift from Personal Income Taxes to Indirect Taxes: Belgium 1988-1993," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0007, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  5. Duclos, Jean-Yves, 1998. "Social evaluation functions, economic isolation and the Suits index of progressivity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 103-121, July.
  6. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Jalbert, Vincent & Araar, Abdelkrim, 2000. "Classical Horizontal Inequity and Reranking: an Integrated Approach," Cahiers de recherche 0002, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  7. Immervoll, Herwig & Levy, Horacio & Lietz, Christine & Mantovani, Daniela & O'Donoghue, Cathal & Sutherland, Holly & Verbist, Gerlinde, 2006. "Household Incomes and Redistribution in the European Union: Quantifying the Equalising Properties of Taxes and Benefits," Economics Series 184, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  8. John A Bishop & John P Formby & Peter Lambert, . "Redistribution Through the Income Tax: The Vertical and Horizontal Effects of Noncompliance and Tax Evasion," Discussion Papers 99/13, Department of Economics, University of York.
  9. Ivica Urban, 2010. "Decomposing Redistributive and Reranking Effects to Reveal Contributions of Taxes and Benefits," The wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers 085, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  10. Andrá Decoster & Guy Van Camp, 2001. "Redistributive effects of the shift from personal income taxes to indirect taxes: Belgium 1988-93," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 22(1), pages 79-106, March.
  11. John A. Bishop & John P. Formby & Peter Lambert, 1999. "Redistribution Through the Income Tax: The Vertical and Horizontal Effects of Noncompliance and Tax Evasion," Working Papers 9916, East Carolina University, Department of Economics.
  12. Duclos, Jean-Yves, 1997. "The asymptotic distribution of linear indices of inequality, progressivity and redistribution," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 51-57, January.
  13. Ivica Urban, 2009. "Kakwani decomposition of redistributive effect: Origins, critics and upgrades," Working Papers 148, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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