The Welfare Consequences of Monetary Policy and the Role of the Labor Market: a Tax Interpretation
AbstractWe explore the distortions in business cycle models arising from inefficiencies in price setting and in the search process matching firms to unemployed workers, and the implications of these distortions for monetary policy. To this end, we characterize the tax instruments that would implement the first best equilibrium allocations and then examine the trade-offs faced by monetary policy when tax instruments are unavailable. Our findings are that the welfare cost of search inefficiency can be large, but the incentive for policy to deviate from the inefficient flexible-price allocation is in general small. Sizable welfare gains are available if the steady state of the economy is inefficient, and these gains do not depend on the existence of an inefficient dispersion of wages. Finally, the gains from deviating from price stability are larger in economies with more volatile labor flows, as in the U.S.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 1028.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Optimal monetary policy; search inefficiency; job vacancies; unemployment;
Other versions of this item:
- Federico RAVENNA & Carl E. WALSH, 2010. "The Welfare Consequences of Monetary Policy and the Role of the Labor Market: a Tax Interpretation," Cahiers de recherche 10-01, HEC Montréal, Institut d'économie appliquée.
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBA-2010-09-18 (Central Banking)
- NEP-DGE-2010-09-18 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-MAC-2010-09-18 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-MON-2010-09-18 (Monetary Economics)
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