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Politique éducative et marché du travail en Afrique du Sud. Une analyse en équilibre général calculable dynamique

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  • Hélène Maisonnave
  • Bernard Decaluwé

Abstract

Cet article analyse l’impact d’une augmentation des dépenses publiques en éducation sur la performance du système éducatif sud africain et ses conséquences sur le marché du travail en utilisant un Modèle d’Équilibre Général Calculable (MEGC) en dynamique séquentielle. Le système éducatif sud africain porte les stigmates de l’Apartheid et une intervention publique plus accentuée est l’un des moyens envisagés pour corriger les inégalités héritées de l’ancien régime politique. Nos résultats montrent une amélioration des performances des étudiants et des effets positifs à court terme sur l’économie. À long terme, la population sud africaine, et en particulier les African, devient plus qualifiée, mais l’économie ne créant pas suffisamment d’emplois, une partie de ces nouveaux qualifiés se retrouve au chômage.

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File URL: http://www.cirpee.org/fileadmin/documents/Cahiers_2009/CIRPEE09-37.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CIRPEE in its series Cahiers de recherche with number 0937.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:0937

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Keywords: Modèle d'équilibre général calculable; éducation; Afrique du Sud;

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