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The death of German firms: What role for foreign direct investment?

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  • John P. Weche Geluebcke

    ()
    (Leuphana University Lueneburg, Germany)

  • Chiara Franco

    ()
    (Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy)

Abstract

This paper aims at examining the role played by inward Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) in affecting the exit probabilities of German manufacturing firms in the pre-crisis year 2007. We introduce two main novelties: in the first place, we include the FDI variable, dividing it between types of foreign investor (industrial vs. financial) besides the usual analysis with the division by country of origin. Secondly, we analyze whether FDI may have effects not only on the probability that a firm exits the domestic market, but also on whether it stops being internationally involved, that is, whether it stops importing or exporting. We find that German firms in most cases suffer from higher competition introduced by foreign firms except when they are part of a high-R&D region or a high-tech sector when they have the needed absorptive capacity to take advantage of possible spillover effects. We also find that U.S. FDI has a crowding out effect for firms located in low-tech sectors but not in high-tech sectors. The results are reversed when considering financial investments instead of industrial investments. Finally, we find that FDI is negatively correlated with exits from export markets but positively with those from import markets.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 264.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:264

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Related research

Keywords: MNE; FDI; foreign ownership; survival; Germany;

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