Metropolitan Cities under Transition: The Example of Hamburg/Germany
AbstractIn the intermediate and long run energy prices and hence transportation costs are expected to increase significantly. According to the reasoning of the New Economic Geography this will strengthen the spreading forces and thus affect the economic landscape. Other influencing factors on the regional distribution of economic activity include the general trends of demographic and structural change. In industrialized countries, the former induces an overall reduction of population and labor force whereas the latter implies an ongoing shift to the tertiary sector and increased specialization. Basically, cities provide better conditions to cope with these challenges than rural regions. Since the general trends affect all economic spaces similarly, city-specific factors also have to be considered in order to derive the impact of rising energy costs on future urban development. With respect to Hamburg regional peculiarities include the overall importance of the harbor as well as the existing composition of the industry and the service sector. The analysis highlights that rising energy and transportation costs will open up a range of opportunities for the metropolitan region.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 164.
Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2010
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urban development; regional specialization; structural change; demographic change; transportation costs.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
- J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-02-27 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2010-02-27 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-EUR-2010-02-27 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-GEO-2010-02-27 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-URE-2010-02-27 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Stiller, Silvia, 2012. "Hamburg: Wissensbasierter Strukturwandel beeinflusst die Standortpolitik," Forschungs- und Sitzungsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze, in: Städte und Regionen im Standortwettbewerb, pages 163-180 Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften.
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