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Exporte und Produktivität in mittelständischen Betrieben Befunde aus der niedersächsischen Industrie (1995 – 2004)

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  • Joachim Wagner

    ()
    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Abstract

Mikroökonometrische Studien mit Firmendaten aus vielen Ländern zeigen, dass exportierende Firmen eine höhere Produktivität aufweisen als Firmen, die lediglich den jeweiligen Binnenmarkt ihres Sitzlandes beliefern, und dass es einen Selbstselektionsprozess der produktiveren Firmen auf Auslandsmärkte gibt, während anderseits Exporttätigkeit nicht unbedingt die Produktivität verbessert. Der vorliegende Beitrag präsentiert empirische Befunde hierzu mit Daten für niedersächsische Industriebetriebe aus den Jahren 1995 bis 2004. Folgende Fragen stehen im Mittelpunkt: Wie unterscheiden sich Produktivität und Produktivitätswachstum zwischen exportierenden und nicht-exportierenden mittelständischen Betrieben? Gehen die produktiveren Betriebe den Schritt auf den Weltmarkt? Führen Exporte zu höherer Produktivität? Die Implikationen der Ergebnisse werden dann vor dem Hintergrund der internationalen Evidenz zum Zusammenhang zwischen Exporttätigkeit und Produktivität diskutiert.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 11.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 22 Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:11

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  1. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," NBER Working Papers 6272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  3. Addison, John T. & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "German works councils in the production process," Discussion Papers 21, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  4. Bernard, A. & Wagner, J., 1996. "Exports and Success in German Manufacturing," Working papers 96-10, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  5. Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "The causal effects of exports on firm size and labor productivity: first evidence from a matching approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 287-292, October.
  6. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence fro Firm Level Data," International Trade 0504005, EconWPA.
  7. Andrew B. Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1998. "Export Entry and Exit by German Firms," NBER Working Papers 6538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2008. "Some Practical Guidance For The Implementation Of Propensity Score Matching," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 31-72, 02.
  9. Jens Matthias Arnold & Katrin Hussinger, 2003. "Export Behavior and Firm productivity in German Manufacturing. A Firm-Level Analysis," Development Working Papers 184, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  10. Girma, Sourafel & Greenaway, David & Kneller, Richard, 2003. "Export market exit and performance dynamics: a causality analysis of matched firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 181-187, August.
  11. Sourafel Girma & David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2004. "Does Exporting Increase Productivity? A Microeconometric Analysis of Matched Firms," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(5), pages 855-866, November.
  12. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Zur Mikrostruktur der Investitionsdynamik in der Industrie. Analysen mit Betriebspaneldaten aus Niedersachsen (1995 – 2002)," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(4), pages 475-488.
  13. Sourafel Girma & Richard Kneller & Mauro Pisu, 2005. "Exports versus FDI: An Empirical Test," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 141(2), pages 193-218, July.
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