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Determinants of School Choice:Evidence from Rural Punjab, Pakistan

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Author Info

  • Hamna Ahmed

    ()
    (Lahore School of Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

  • Sahar Amjad

    ()
    (Lahore School of Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

  • Masooma Habib

    ()
    (Lahore School of Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

  • Syed Ahsan Shah

    ()
    (Lahore School of Economics, Lahore, Pakistan.)

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    Abstract

    The objective of this study is to understand why parents in rural areas choose low-cost private schools when free public schools are available. The study employs data from the Privatization in Education Research Initiative (PERI) School Choice Survey, 2011. The sample under study comprises 5–18-year-old children enrolled in private or public schools at the primary, secondary, or high school level in eight rural tehsils across Punjab, Pakistan. Our methodology entails specifying a probability choice model to understand what determines school choice in a rural setting. The variable of interest is parents’ perceptions of their child’s competence, the quality of the child’s school, and the employment opportunities available to the child. The model also controls for a range of child-, parent-, and household-specific characteristics. Five main factors emerge as important determinants of private school choice. These include the socioeconomic status of the household, the degree of a school’s accessibility, the cost of schooling, parents’ perceptions of school quality, and their perceptions of the available employment opportunities in the region.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Centre for Research in Economics and Business, The Lahore School of Economics in its series CREB Working papers with number 1-2013.

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    Length: 59 pages
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision: 2013
    Handle: RePEc:lje:wpaper:1-2013

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    Related research

    Keywords: School choice; private; public; perceptions; school quality; employment opportunities; wealth; access; cost of schooling; Punjab; Pakistan.;

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    References

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    1. Psacharopoulos, George & Arieira, Carlos R. & Mattson, Robert, 1997. "Private education in a poor country: The case of urban Bolivia," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 395-406, October.
    2. Aslam, Monazza & Kingdon, Geeta, 2011. "What can teachers do to raise pupil achievement?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 559-574, June.
    3. Tullio Jappelli & Daniele Checchi, 2003. "School Choice and Quality," CSEF Working Papers 91, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 09 Jul 2004.
    4. Zeba A. Sathar & Cynthia B. Lloyd, 1994. "Who Gets Primary Schooling in Pakistan: Inequalities among and within Families," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(2), pages 103-134.
    5. Dreze, Jean & Kingdon, Geeta Gandhi, 2001. "School Participation in Rural India," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 5(1), pages 1-24, February.
    6. Das, Jishnu & Pandey, Priyanka & Zajonc, Tristan, 2006. "Learning levels and gaps in Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4067, The World Bank.
    7. Sawada, Yasuyuki & Lokshin, Michael, 2009. "Obstacles to school progression in rural Pakistan: An analysis of gender and sibling rivalry using field survey data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 335-347, March.
    8. Shahnaz Hamid, 1993. "A Micro Analysis of Demand-side Determinants of Schooling in Urban Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 32(4), pages 713-723.
    9. Khattak, Naeem Ur Rehman Khattak & Khan, Jangraiz & Tariq, Muhammad & Tasleem, Sajjad, 2010. "Determinants of Parents’ Choice in Selection of Private Schools for Their Children in District Peshawar of Khyber Pakhunkhwa Province," MPRA Paper 55995, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Jul 2010.
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    Cited by:
    1. Masooma Habib, 2013. "Education in Pakistan’s Punjab: Outcomes and Interventions," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(Special E), pages 21-48, September.

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