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Job Creation and Job Destruction in EU Agriculture

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  • Liesbeth Dries
  • Pavel Ciaian
  • d’Artis Kancs

Abstract

This is the first paper to study job creation and destruction in EU agriculture. We disaggregate gross employment patterns and net job flows into detailed intra-sectoral labour adjustment dynamics based on a unique EU-wide farm level panel dataset for 1990-2005. We find that: (1) job creation and destruction rates in EU agriculture are comparable to other sectors; (2) there is some evidence of ongoing substitution of family labour for hired labour (3) there are important differences in job creation and destruction rates between different Member States; (4) these differences can be attributed to structural differences across countries, sectors and farm types; (5) time variation of job reallocation fluctuates countercyclically; (6) idiosyncratic effects are the main driver of time variance in job reallocation.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven in its series LICOS Discussion Papers with number 31512.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:31512

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Keywords: Job creation; job destruction; FADN; EU; labour adjustment in agriculture;

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References

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  6. Mary Clare Ahearn & Penni Korb & Jet Yee, 2009. "Producer Dynamics in Agriculture: Empirical Evidence," NBER Chapters, in: Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data, pages 369-391 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. Alessandro Acquisti & Hartmut Lehmann, 1999. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in Russia: Some Preliminary Evidence from Enterprise-level Data," LICOS Discussion Papers 8499, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  15. Davis, Steven J. & Haltiwanger, John, 1999. "Gross job flows," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2711-2805 Elsevier.
  16. Teresa Serra & Barry K. Goodwin & Allen M. Featherstone, 2005. "Agricultural Policy Reform and Off-farm Labour Decisions," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(2), pages 271-285.
  17. Ataman Ozyildirim & Brian Schaitkin & Victor Zarnowitz, 2008. "Business Cycles in the Euro Area Defined with Coincident Economic Indicators and Predicted with Leading Economic Indicators," Economics Program Working Papers 08-04, The Conference Board, Economics Program.
  18. Carbone, Anna & Subioli, Giovanna, 2008. "The Generational Turnover In Agriculture: The Ageing Dynamics And The Eu Support Policies To Young Farmers," 109th Seminar, November 20-21, 2008, Viterbo, Italy 44731, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  19. David Blanchflower & Simon Burgess, 1996. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in Great Britain in the 1980s," CEP Discussion Papers dp0287, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  20. Ooms, Daan L. & Hall, Alastair R., 2005. "On- and Off-Farm Labour Supply of Dutch Dairy Farmers: Estimation and Policy Simulations," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24506, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  21. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John C, 1992. "Gross Job Creation, Gross Job Destruction, and Employment Reallocation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(3), pages 819-63, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Loughrey, Jason & Donnellan, Trevor & Hanrahan, Kevin & Hennessy, Thia, 2013. "Agricultural Labour Market Flexibility in the EU and Candidate Countries," Factor Markets Working Papers 161, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  2. Kaditi, Eleni, 2013. "The Impact of CAP Reforms on Farm Labour Structure," Factor Markets Working Papers 177, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  3. Kaditi, Eleni, 2013. "The Impact of CAP Reforms on Farm Labour Structure," Working Papers 157914, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.

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