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Footloose Multinationals in Belgium

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  • Ilke Van Beveren

Abstract

Using firm level panel data for the years 1996-2001, covering all sectors of the economy, the impact of multinational ownership on the exit decisions of firms located in Belgium is estimated. In the analysis, I clearly distinguish for nationality of ownership, allowing for possible differences between firms that are foreign-owned and multinationals rooted in the domestic economy. Controlling for various firm- and industry-specific factors, it is found that while foreign multinationals are more likely to shut down operations compared to national firms in both manufacturing and service sectors, domestic multinationals only exhibit significantly higher exit rates in the manufacturing industries. The analysis has important policy implications, especially in terms of the desirability of the large impact of multinational firms on employment and output generation in Belgium.

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File URL: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/licos/publications/dp/dp168.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven in its series LICOS Discussion Papers with number 16806.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:16806

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Keywords: exit; survival; multinational firms; nationality of ownership;

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Cited by:
  1. FERRAGINA, Anna Maria, 2013. "The Impact of FDI on Firm Survival and Employment: A Comparative Analysis for Turkey and Italy," CELPE Discussion Papers 127, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  2. Bandick, Roger & Görg, Holger, 2009. "Foreign acquisition, plant survival, and employment growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 7329, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Marialuz Moreno Badia & Veerle Slootmaekers & Ilke Van Beveren, 2008. "Globalization Drives Strategic Product Switching," IMF Working Papers 08/246, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Marialuz Moreno Badia & Veerle Slootmaekers & Ilke Van Beveren, 2008. "New Dimensions of Adjustment to Globalization," LICOS Discussion Papers 20908, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  5. John P. Weche Geluebcke & Chiara Franco, 2013. "The death of German firms: What role for foreign direct investment?," Working Paper Series in Economics 264, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  6. Ferragina, Anna & Pittiglio, Rosanna & Reganati, Filippo, 2012. "Multinational status and firm exit in the Italian manufacturing and service sectors," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 363-372.
  7. Roger Bandick, 2010. "Multinationals and plant survival," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(4), pages 609-634, December.
  8. Hakkala, Katariina & Heyman, Fredrik & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2007. "Cross-Border Acquisitions, Multinationals and Wage Elasticities," Working Paper Series 709, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  9. Filip Abraham & Jozef Konings & Stijn Vanormelingen, 2009. "The effect of globalization on union bargaining and price-cost margins of firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 145(1), pages 13-36, April.
  10. Mats Bergman & Per Johansson, 2011. "Foreign ownership and investment: do firms locate investments close to the headquarter?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 147(4), pages 621-642, November.
  11. Ali-Yrkkö, Jyrki & Deschryvere, Matthias, 2008. "Domestic R&D Employment Effects of Offshoring R&D Tasks: Some Empirical Evidence from Finland," Discussion Papers 1163, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  12. Katariina Nilsson Hakkala & Fredrik Heyman & Fredrik Sjöholm, 2010. "Multinationals, skills, and wage elasticities," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(2), pages 263-280, June.

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