Ségrégation résidentielle, accessibilité aux emplois et chômage : le cas de l'Ile-de-France
AbstractThis paper starts with a review of the economic literature stressing how problems of residential segregation and physical access to jobs can exacerbate urban unemployment.We also present some descriptive statistics on residential segregation and disconnection from jobs in the Paris region using data from the 1999 census of the population and commuting time matrices provided by the ministry of infrastructure for 2000. We then estimate the impact of the local context (segregation and disconnection from jobs) on the transitions from unemployment to work using data from the Labor Force Survey between 1990 and 2002. We show that unemployed workers in segregated areas experience additional difficulties in finding a job. A sensitivity analysis confirms that these spatial effects are robust when the endogeneity of residence is taken into account.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA in its series Research Unit Working Papers with number 0605.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2006
Date of revision:
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Residential segregation ; spatial mismatch ; social networks ; redlining ; urban unemployment;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
- R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-07-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2006-07-02 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-NET-2006-07-02 (Network Economics)
- NEP-SOC-2006-07-02 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2006-07-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Nathalie Georges & Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2012. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale? Une application en Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00809586, HAL.
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