Tectonic Boundaries and Strongholds: The Religious Geography of Violence in Northern Ireland
AbstractThe conflict in Northern Ireland was an example of "complex warfare" with both insurgency and sectarian violence. We present a unified model that helps to identify these two forms of conflict from the spatial distribution of violence. The model predicts that tectonic boundaries between residential areas of opposed groups drive sectarian violence. Violence between the minority and state forces takes place in minority strongholds. We test the model with fine-grained data on religious composition and geo-referenced data on killings with detailed information on attackers and targets. We also show that sectarian violence can predict the placement of barriers (i.e. so-called "peace lines"). Finally, we analyze the effect of a troop surge in 1972 and the proximity to the Republic of Ireland on the two elements of the conflict.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP in its series Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) with number 13.04.
Length: 34 pp. + tables (total 40 pp.)
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://www.hec.unil.ch/deep/publications/cahiers/series
More information through EDIRC
Conflict; Terrorism; Religious Tensions; Ethnic Diversity; Northern Ireland; Segregation; Insurgency; Counter-Terrorism;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
- K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
- N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
- Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-05-22 (All new papers)
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