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Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale

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Author Info

  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    ()
    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • ERTUR, Cem

    ()
    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • LE GALLO, Julie

    ()
    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser la dépendance spatiale dans les processus de convergence des régions européennes. D'une part nous appliquons les méthodes récemment développées de l'analyse exploratoire des données spatiales (Anselin, 1996) pour affiner la description de la dynamique géographique de la croissance des régions européennes. Ceci nous permet d'apporter un éclairage nouveau sur la mesure habituelle de la s-convergence qui masque des schémas géographiques particuliers fluctuants dans le temps. D'autre part nous testons la présence d'autocorrélation spatiale dans les modèles de b-convergence en utilisant les techniques de l'économétrie spatiale (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin et Florax, 1995). Ceci nous permet de comparer les résultats obtenus avant et après la prise en compte de l'autocorrélation spatiale de manière à mettre en évidence l'impact des effets de débordements sur les phénomènes de croissance régionale. / The aim of this paper is the analysis of spatial dependence in convergence processes applied to European regions. First, we apply the recently developed exploratory spatial data analysis (Anselin, 1996) in order to describe more precisely the geographical dynamics of European regional income growth patterns. New insights are brought to the usual s-convergence measure, which hides geographical patterns that may fluctuate over time. Second, we test the presence of spatial autocorrelation in b-convergence models by using spatial econometrics methods (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin and Florax, 1995). We compare the results with and without spatial autocorrelation in order to assess the effect of geographic spillovers on regional growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2000-03.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2000-03

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Keywords: analyse exploratoire des données spatiales; autocorrélation spatiale; économétrie spatiale; convergence; effets de débordement; régions européennes exploratory spatial data analysis; spatial autocorrelation; spatial econometrics; convergence; geographic spillovers; European regions Classification-JEL: C51; R11; R15;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Chantelot Sébastien & Filippi Maryline & Peres-Quesada Stéphanie, 2011. "The French agricultural cooperative system: An explanatory spatial data analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1029, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Claude LACOUR (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Stéphane VIROL (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2005. "European regional policy: new bases, new borders? (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2005-21, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  3. Charles Plaigin, 2009. "Exploratory study on the presence of cultural and institutional growth spillovers," DULBEA Working Papers 09-03.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Stéphane VIROL (IERSO-IFReDE-GRES), 2006. "Three dimensions of regional integration process in Europe: an approach by spatial econometrics (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2006-16, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  5. Bourdin, Sebastien & Elissalde, Bernard & Langlois, Patrice & Goya, Dominique, 2011. "Une approche prospective de la configuration des disparités économiques régionales au sein de l'Union européenne par la modélisation et la simulation
    [A forward-looking approach of the configu
    ," MPRA Paper 41307, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
  6. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2001. "A Spatial Econometric Analysis of Geographic Spillovers and Growth for European Regions, 1980-1995," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2001-04, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  7. Cem Ertur & Thiaw Kalidou, 2005. "Growth and Spatial Dependence - The Mankiw, Romer and Weil model revisited," ERSA conference papers ersa05p660, European Regional Science Association.
  8. Bourdin, Sebastien, 2010. "Repenser le futur de la politique de cohésion européenne pour les pays d’europe centrale et orientale : la prise en compte de l’espace géographique comme piste de recherche
    [Rethinking the f
    ," MPRA Paper 40888, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2010.
  9. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Geographic Spillover and Growth. A Spatial Econometric Analysis for European Regions," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-07, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  10. LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Econométrie spatiale 1 -Autocorrélation spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-05, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.

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