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Le caractère endogène de l'analyse dynamique chez les économistes classiques

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  • GAUTHIER, Olivier

    (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5601 - Université de Bourgogne)

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    Abstract

    Les nouvelles théories de la croissance, dites " théories de la croissance endogène ", se proposent de mettre en exergue différents modèles dans lesquels la croissance est assurée par l'accumulation d'un facteur particulier (capital humain, technologie, infrastructures publiques, etc.). Or, par sa nouveauté, le terme même de " croissance endogène " tend à dévaluer les anciennes théories. Ce papier de recherche entend corriger ce point et démontrer que les relations présentées par les modèles actuels ne sont que des formalisations issues des développements des économistes classiques. En cela, nous montrons que l'analyse des auteurs classiques s'avère même offrir des perspectives nouvelles pour les analystes. Par dessus tout, nous souhaitons affirmer le caractère endogène de l'analyse dynamique chez les économistes classiques. / " Endogenous growth theories " exhibit different models in which growth is assumed to come from the accumulation of a particular factor (human capital, technology, public infrastructures, etc.). However, due to its newness, the real term of " endogenous growth " seems to playdown old theories. This paper intends to put right this position and demonstrate that relations displayed by current models are only formalizations stemming from the developments of classical economists. In the end, we demonstrate that their analysis yields new viewpoints for analysts. Overall, we wish to reinforce the endogenous nature of the dynamic analysis among classical economist's writings.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 1998-03.

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    Length: 19 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 1998
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:1998-03

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    Keywords: Croissance économique; croissance endogène; division du travail; éducation; apprentissage par la pratique; infrastructures publiques; croissance démographique; economic growth; endogenous growth; division of labour; education; learning-by-doing; public infrastructures; demographic growth;

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