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Performance et risque des entreprises appartenant à des groupes de PME

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  • Anaïs Hamelin

    ()
    (Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie, Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Strasbourg)

Abstract

Dans cet article nous analysons l’impact de l’appartenance à un groupe de PME sur la rentabilité et le risque individuel des entreprises. Nous observons que, contrairement aux grands groupes familiaux dans le monde, les groupes de PME à contrôle familial en France, ont majoritairement une structure simple et ne sont pas caractérisés par l’existence d’une divergence entre droit de vote et droit aux dividendes. Par ailleurs, nous observons que les entreprises appartenant à un groupe de PME ont une meilleure rentabilité opérationnelle que les entreprises indépendantes. Ces résultats semblent indiquer que la constitution de groupes de PME permet une meilleure allocation du capital. Enfin, il apparaît que l’appartenance à un groupe de PME a un impact ambigu sur le risque des entreprises.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg in its series Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center with number 2008-14.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:lar:wpaper:2008-14

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Keywords: Groupes de PME; Performance; Risque; Structure Pyramidale; Contrôle familial.;

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  1. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer, 1999. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(2), pages 471-517, 04.
  2. Moulton, Brent R, 1990. "An Illustration of a Pitfall in Estimating the Effects of Aggregate Variables on Micro Unit," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(2), pages 334-38, May.
  3. Stewart C. Myers & Nicholas S. Majluf, 1984. "Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have InformationThat Investors Do Not Have," NBER Working Papers 1396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
  5. Khanna, Tarun, 2000. "Business groups and social welfare in emerging markets: Existing evidence and unanswered questions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(4-6), pages 748-761, May.
  6. Asanuma, Banri, 1989. "Manufacturer-supplier relationships in Japan and the concept of relation-specific skill," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, March.
  7. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicolás S., 1945-, 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Working papers 1523-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
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