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Distribucion del Ingreso en América Latina: Caracterización de las Diferencias entre Países

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  • Francisco Haimovich
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    Abstract

    Este trabajo explora las diferencias entre las distribuciones del ingreso de las áreas urbanas de América Latina a través de ejercicios de microsimulaciones. Los principales insumos de estos ejercicios lo constituyen los microdatos de las encuestas de hogares de 16 países de la región. Los resultados indican que las diferencias entre países en los retornos a la educación formal y a factores inobservables en términos de salarios horarios dan cuenta de gran parte de las diferencias en pobreza y desigualdad entre las economías de la región. Las diferencias en términos de estructura sectorial del empleo, horas trabajadas, empleo, fecundidad, estructura de edades, diferencias salariales por género y edad, y aun de estructura educativa parecen tener, en promedio, un papel algo menor.

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    File URL: http://www.depeco.econo.unlp.edu.ar/doctrab/doc80.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 080.

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    Length: 38 pages
    Date of creation: Nov 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:080

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    Related research

    Keywords: Distribución; ingreso; pobreza; América Latina; descomposiciones.;

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    1. Miguel Székely & Marianne Hilgert, 2000. "What Drives Differences in Inequality Across Countries?," Research Department Publications 4243, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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