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The Intertemporal Approach to the Current Account: Evidence from Argentina

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  • Diego N. Moccero

Abstract

In this paper, an intertemporal model is used to analyze the current account and test whether it accounts for the evolution of the Argentinean current account over the period extending from 1855 to 2002. The intertemporal model presented here takes into account several sources of external shocks for small economies such as a change of the real interest rate and the real exchange rate. Evidence shows that the intertemporal model does not pass the statistical tests and does not explain the Argentinean experience. More specifically, if the Argentinean current account was to behave as the model predicts, one would observe the opposite movement to that observed for the actual current account. Our main conjecture about the weak performance of the model is related to i) the fact that one of its most important assumption is violated for some part of the period under consideration (1931 - 1989); and ii) that the balance of payments’ crises and stop and go cycles may have altered the relation between the variables suggested by the model. To cope with this problem, we have estimated a model for the period 1885-1930 (a period with relatively high capital mobility and with neither currency crises nor stop and go cycles) and found some evidence in favour of this result. A general conclusion to be drawn is that, in contrast to other Latin American countries, an intertemporal current account model can not appropriately account for the dynamics of the current account of Argentina, even thought there is some evidence in favour of the model for the period 1885-1930.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 066.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:066

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  1. Bernard Salanié, 1999. "Guide pratique des séries non stationnaires," Working Papers 99-23, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  2. Finn E. Kydland & Carlos E.J.M. Zarazaga, 2003. "Argentina's lost decade and subsequent recovery: hits and misses of the neoclassical growth model," Center for Latin America Working Papers 0403, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  3. Paul Cashin & Christopher J. Kent, 2003. "The Response of the Current Account to Terms of Trade Shocks," IMF Working Papers 03/143, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Trehan, Bharat & Walsh, Carl E, 1991. "Testing Intertemporal Budget Constraints: Theory and Applications to U.S. Federal Budget and Current Account Deficits," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(2), pages 206-23, May.
  5. Catherine L. Mann, 2002. "Perspectives on the U.S. Current Account Deficit and Sustainability," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 131-152, Summer.
  6. Huang, Chao-Hsi & Lin, Kenneth S., 1993. "Deficits, government expenditures, and tax smoothing in the United States: 1929-1988," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 317-339, June.
  7. Sheffrin, Steven M. & Woo, Wing Thye, 1990. "Testing an optimizing model of the current account via the consumption function," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 220-233, June.
  8. Greenwood, Jeremy, 1983. "Expectations, the exchange rate, and the current account," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 543-569, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Michał Brzozowski & Sadananda Prusty, 2013. "Impact of GDP volatility on current account balances," International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(3), pages 239-252.

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