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El Impacto Distributivo de los Cambios en las Decisiones de Fertilidad

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Author Info

  • Mariana Marchionni
  • Leonardo Gasparini

Abstract

Durante las últimas dos décadas las decisiones de fertilidad han variado significativamente y de manera no uniforme a lo largo de la distribución del ingreso. En este trabajo se estudian los efectos de estos cambios demográficos sobre dos dimensiones de la distribución del ingreso – la pobreza y la desigualdad – mediante la aplicación de técnicas de descomposiciones microeconométricas. Específicamente, se simula la distribución del ingreso familiar equivalente que surgiría si la población en el año t tomara las decisiones de fertilidad como en el año t’. Los resultados indican que estos factores demográficos dan cuenta de una proporción no despreciable del cambio en la pobreza entre 1980 y 1992, y de la desigualdad entre 1980 y 2000.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series Department of Economics, Working Papers with number 044.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lap:wpaper:044

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Web page: http://www.depeco.econo.unlp.edu.ar/doctrab.php
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Related research

Keywords: demografía; fertilidad; distribución del ingreso; pobreza; desigualdad; Argentina; Gran Buenos Aires; descomposiciones.;

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  1. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-42, June.
  2. Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Phillippe George Leite, 2002. "Educational expansion and income distribution. A Micro-Simulation for Ceará," Textos para discussão, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) 456, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  4. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  5. Richard Blundell & Thomas MaCurdy, 1998. "Labour supply: a review of alternative approaches," IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies W98/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Leonardo Gasparini & Mariana Marchionni & Walter Sosa Escudero, 2000. "Characterization of inequality changes through microeconometric decompositions. The case of Greater Buenos Aires," Department of Economics, Working Papers, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 025, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  7. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
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Cited by:
  1. Martín Tetaz, 2005. "Educación y Mercado de Trabajo," CEDLAS, Working Papers, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 0028, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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