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Runoff vs. plurality

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  • Emanuele Bracco
  • Alberto Brugnoli

Abstract

Plurality and runoff systems oer very different incentives to parties and coalition of voters, and demand different political strategies from potential candidates and chief executives. Italian mayors and city councils are elected with a different electoral system according to the locality's population, while municipalities are otherwise treated identically in terms of funding and powers. We exploit this institutional feature to test how the presence of different electoral systems affects the central government decisions on grants, and the local government decisions on local taxes. We find evidence that the upper-tier governments favour runoff-elected mayors, and that runoff-elected mayors levy lower taxes. This is broadly consistent with the literature on runoff and plurality rule electoral systems.

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Paper provided by Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department in its series Working Papers with number 23767067.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:lan:wpaper:23767067

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  3. Johansson, E., 1999. "Intergovernmental Grants As A Tactical Instrument: Some Empirical Evidence from Swedish Municipalities," Papers, Uppsala - Working Paper Series 1999:10, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
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  13. Peter Egger & Marko Koethenbuerger & Michael Smart, 2010. "Electoral rules and incentive effects of fiscal transfers: evidence from Germany," Working Papers 2010/44, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  14. Callander, Steven, 1999. "Electoral Competition with Entry," Working Papers, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences 1083, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  15. Alberto Porto & Pablo Sanguinetti, 2001. "Political Determinants of Intergovernmental Grants: Evidence From Argentina," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(3), pages 237-256, November.
  16. Albert Solé-Ollé & Pilar Sorribas-Navarro, 2006. "The effects of partisan alignment on the allocation of intergovernmental transfers. Differences-in-differences estimates for Spain," Working Papers, University of Kentucky, Institute for Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations 2006-09, University of Kentucky, Institute for Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations.
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Cited by:
  1. Emanuele Bracco & Francesco Porcelli & Michela Redoano, 2013. "Incumbent Effects and Partisan Alignment in Local Elections: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis Using Italian Data," CESifo Working Paper Series 4061, CESifo Group Munich.

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