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A Mixed Industrial Structure Magnifies the Importance of Menu Costs

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Author Info

  • Huw David Dixon

    (York University)

  • Claus Thustrup Hansen

    (University of Copenhagen Institute of Economics)

Abstract

New Keynesian literature assumes symmetric industrial structure when analysing explanations of money non-neutrality. This paper analyses the impact of modifying this assumption by allowing for a mixed industrial structure; some industries are characterized by monopolistic competition, others by perfect competition. The mixed industrial structure implies misallocation of labour between the different industries which may contribute to explanations of non-neutrality of money. Following a 5% money increase, the menu costs needed for non-neutrality may be 40 times smaller and ratio of welfare gain over private loss more than 100 times larger than in the corresponding model with a symmetric structure.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2921(98)00029-4
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 97-11.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1997
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in: European Economic Review 43(8) 1999, 1475-1499
Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:9711

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Keywords: New Keynesian economics; industrial structure;

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References

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  1. Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1989. "Empirical studies of industries with market power," Handbook of Industrial Organization, in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 17, pages 1011-1057 Elsevier.
  2. Carlton, Dennis W, 1986. "The Rigidity of Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(4), pages 637-58, September.
  3. Caballero, R.J. & Lyons, R.K., 1991. "External Effects in U.S. Procyclical Productivity," Papers 91-19, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
  4. Ball, Laurence & Romer, David, 1991. "Sticky Prices as Coordination Failure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(3), pages 539-52, June.
  5. Prescott, Edward C., 1986. "Theory ahead of business-cycle measurement," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 11-44, January.
  6. Basu, S. & Fernald, J.G., 1993. "Are Apparent Productive Spillovers a Figment of Specification Error," Papers 93-22, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
  7. Mankiw, N Gregory, 1985. "Small Menu Costs and Large Business Cycles: A Macroeconomic Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(2), pages 529-38, May.
  8. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "The Relation between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 921-47, October.
  9. Laurence Ball & David Romer, 1990. "Real Rigidities and the Non-Neutrality of Money," NBER Working Papers 2476, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Rotemberg, Julio J & Summers, Lawrence H, 1990. "Inflexible Prices and Procyclical Productivity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(4), pages 851-74, November.
  11. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 647-66, September.
  12. Domowitz, Ian & Hubbard, R Glenn & Petersen, Bruce C, 1988. "Market Structure and Cyclical Fluctuations in U.S. Manufacturing," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(1), pages 55-66, February.
  13. Ball, Laurence & Romer, David, 1989. "Are Prices Too Sticky?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 104(3), pages 507-24, August.
  14. Robert E. Hall, 1986. "Market Structure and Macroeconomic Fluctuations," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 17(2), pages 285-338.
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Cited by:
  1. Claus Thustrup Kreiner, 2002. "Do the New Keynesian Microfoundations Rationalise Stabilisation Policy?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 384-401, April.
  2. Thomas Lubik, 2003. "Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy," Economics Working Paper Archive 493, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
  3. Philippe Quirion & Meriem Hamdi-Cherif, 2007. "General equilibrium impact of an energy-saving policy in the public sector," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 38(2), pages 245-258, October.
  4. Huw. D. Dixon & Claus T. Hansen & Henrik J. Kleven, . "Dual Labour Markets and Menu Costs: Explaining the Cyclicality of Productivity and Wage Differentials," Discussion Papers 99/1, Department of Economics, University of York.

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