When Does Ethnic Diversity Lead to Violence? Evidence from the 2007 Elections in Kenya
AbstractSome people have a concern for a fair distribution of incomes while others do not. Does such a concern matter for majority voting on redistribution? Fairness preferences are relevant for redistribution outcomes only if fair-minded voters are pivotal. Pivotality, in turn, depends on the structure of income classes. We experimentally study voting on redistribution between two income classes and show that the effect of inequality aversion is asymmetric. Inequality aversion is more likely to matter if the “rich” are in majority. With a “poor” majority, we find that redistribution outcomes look as if all voters were exclusively motivated by self-interest.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 11-19.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
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Conflict; ethnicity; poverty; unemployment; public services; Kenya;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
- H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-08-09 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2011-08-09 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2011-08-09 (Development)
- NEP-EVO-2011-08-09 (Evolutionary Economics)
- NEP-POL-2011-08-09 (Positive Political Economics)
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