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Inequality and Political Clientelism: Evidence from South India

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  • Thomas Markussen

    (Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

Political parties can be vehicles for economic and social development in poor countries. They can also serve as rent seeking instruments. Uncovering how parties function is therefore key to establishing the preconditions for good governance. The paper discusses when and why clientelism on the basis of party affiliation may arise. Operationally, party-based clientelism is defined as a bias of public policy in favour of members of the governing political party. In a sample of local governments in India, party-based clientelism is shown to exist in two out of four states and to be strongly affected by economic inequality.

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File URL: http://www.econ.ku.dk/english/research/publications/wp/dp_2010/1026.pdf/
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 10-26.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kud:kuiedp:1026

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Related research

Keywords: decentralization; patronage; clientelism; inequality; poverty; India;

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Cited by:
  1. Vandeplas, Anneleen & Minten, Bart & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2012. "Multinationals versus cooperatives: The income and efficiency effects of supply chain governance in India," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126892, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Mueller, Ulrike, 2012. "Pro-poor Service Delivery and Social Identity: An Experimental Investigation," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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