Residual Wage Disparity and Coordination Unemployment
AbstractWe ask: how much of the observed wage dispersion, among similar workers, can be explained by a lack of coordination among employers in their hiring practices?To answer this, we construct a directed search model with homogenous workers where firms can create either good or bad jobs, are uncoordinated with their job offers, and where on-the-job search is possible. Workers can exploit ex post opportunities when determining wages. The stationary equilibrium has both productivity dispersion - different wages due to different job qualities, and contract dispersion - different wages due to different market experiences for workers, and is constrained-efficient. Job arrival rates are endogenous and, as found in empirical studies, smaller for on-the-job searchers than for unemployed workers. We calibrate the model to the US economy and compare the implied statistics with those for empirical data. The equilibrium wage distribution is hump shaped, skewed significantly to the right, and, with baseline parameters, generates residual dispersion statistics 75-90% the size of those found empirically. However, the model overestimates the values of job finding rates and underestimates the average duration of unemployment.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics in its series CAM Working Papers with number 2004-20.
Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2001
Date of revision: Nov 2004
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Other versions of this item:
- Benoit Julien & John Kennes & Ian King, 2006. "Residual Wage Disparity And Coordination Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(3), pages 961-989, 08.
- E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution
- E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-11-30 (All new papers)
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- John Kennes & Daniel le Maire, 2010. "Coordination Frictions and Job Heterogeneity: A Discrete Time Analysis," Economics Working Papers 2010-05, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
- Ronald Wolthoff, 2009. "Ex Ante and Ex Post Inefficiency in Search and Matching Models," 2009 Meeting Papers 774, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- John Kennes & Daniel le Maire, 2013. "Job Heterogeneity and Coordination Frictions," Economics Working Papers 2013-09, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
- John Kennes, 2008. "Technology Dispersion and Labor Market Fluctuations," 2008 Meeting Papers 1061, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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