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Can Income Mobility Reduce Income Inequality? Evidence From Turkey


  • Aytekin Guven

    () (Department of Economics, Abant İzzet Baysal University)

  • Basak Dalgic

    () (Department of Public Finance, Hacettepe University)

  • Aysit Tansel

    () (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Bonn, Germany and Economic Research Forum (ERF) Cairo, Egypt)


Increasing income inequality has made economists focus on income mobility issue which enables individuals to relocate their income position up to higher income groups. Income mobility and its effects on inequalities have begun to be investigated following 2000s and rather for developed countries while there are only a limited number of studies to reach a general conclusion regarding the issue. This study aims to contribute to the literature by analyzing income inequality and income mobility together for a developing country Turkey which is one of the countries having most unequal income distributions. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; i) income mobility increases over time but this mobility raises income inequality instead of reducing it. ii) the individuals at the two tails of the distribution are more mobile with respect to the ones in the middle. iii) 30 percent of the individuals at the lowest income group become unemployed while only 1.5 percent of them move up to the highest income group in the considering sub-periods.

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  • Aytekin Guven & Basak Dalgic & Aysit Tansel, 2014. "Can Income Mobility Reduce Income Inequality? Evidence From Turkey," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1415, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1415

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    More about this item


    Income Mobility; Income Inequality; Turkey.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General

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