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Greenhouse-gas Emission Controls and International Carbon Leakage through Trade Liberalization

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Author Info

  • Jota Ishikawa

    (Hitotsubashi University (Japan) and RIETI (Japan))

  • Toshihiro Okubo

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

Abstract

This paper studies greenhouse-gas (GHG) emission controls in the presence of carbon leakage through international firm relocation. The Kyoto Protocol requires developed countries to reduce GHG emissions by a certain amount. Comparing emission quotas with emission taxes, we show that taxes coupled with lower trade costs facilitate more firm relocations than quotas do, causing more international carbon leakage. Thus, if a country is concerned about global emissions, emission quotas would be adopted to mitigate the carbon leakage. Firm relocation entails a trade-off between trade liberalization and emission regulations. Emission regulations may be hampered by trade liberalization, and vice versa.

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File URL: http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ra/dp/English/dp231.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 231.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:231

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Keywords: Trade liberalization; Global warming; Kyoto Protocol; Emission tax; Emission quota; Carbon leakage;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2009. "Carbon leakage, the green paradox and perfect future markets," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 136-09, Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht.
  2. ISHIKAWA Jota & OKUBO Toshihiro, 2010. "Environmental Standards under International Oligopoly," Discussion papers 10018, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  3. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Sanctuary, Mark, 2013. "Trade, Transboundary Pollution and Market Size," Research Papers in Economics 2013:8, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  4. Kiyono, Kazuharu & Ishikawa, Jota, 2011. "Environmental Management Policy under International Carbon Leakage," CCES Discussion Paper Series 45, Center for Research on Contemporary Economic Systems, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  5. John Feddersen, 2012. "Why we can't confirm the pollution haven hypothesis: A model of carbon leakage with agglomeration," Economics Series Working Papers 613, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  6. Copeland, Brian R., 2012. "International trade and green growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6235, The World Bank.

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