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Die Anatomie des Berufswechsels : eine empirische Bestandsaufnahme auf Basis der BIBB/IAB-Daten 1998/1999

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Author Info

  • Bernd Fitzenberger

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Mannheim)

  • Alexandra Spitz

    ()
    (Centre for European Economic Research)

Abstract

Unter dem Stichwort "Patchwork-Biografien" wird die Tatsache, dass ein großer Teil der abhängig Beschäftigten ihren erlernten Beruf nicht mehr ausüben, in jüngster Zeit viel diskutiert. Diese Studie liefert einen empirischen Beitrag zur Anatomie des Berufswechsel fr westdeutsche Männer auf Basis der BIBB/IAB-Daten 1998/1999. Als Grundlage für die empirische Analyse wird ein theoretisches Modell der Wahl zwischen horizontal differenzierten Berufen entwickelt. Die wichtigsten Ergebnisse sind: Ex post beobachtete Berufswechsel hängen negativ vom Durchschnittslohn im Ausbildungsberuf und positiv vom Durchschnittslohn im Erwerbsberuf ab. Der deskriptiv beobachtete durchschnittliche Entlohnungseffekt eines Berufswechsels ist signifikant positiv, verstärkt sich noch, wenn für den Ausbildungsberuf kontrolliert wird, und ist demgegenüber signifikant negativ, wenn für den Erwerbsberuf kontrolliert wird. Der geschätzte kausale durchschnittliche Entlohnungseffekt ist positiv. Die Ergebnisse sind insgesamt damit konsistent, dass Berufswechsel vor allem damit zusammenhängen, dass Beschäftigte im neuen Erwerbsberuf größere Verdienst- und Karrierechancen wahrnehmen können.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim in its series Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor with number 04-02.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: 11 Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:knz:hetero:0402

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Keywords: Lohneffekt ; westdeutsche M�ner;

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References

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  1. Sicherman, Nachum, 1990. "Education and occupational mobility," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 163-179, June.
  2. Miller, Robert A, 1984. "Job Matching and Occupational Choice," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 1086-120, December.
  3. Christian Dustmann & Costas Meghir, 2005. "Wages, Experience and Seniority," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(1), pages 77-108.
  4. Blaug, Mark, 1976. "The Empirical Status of Human Capital Theory: A Slightly Jaundiced Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 827-55, September.
  5. Derek Neal, 1998. "The Link between Ability and Specialization: An Explanation for Observed Correlations between Wages and Mobility Rates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(1), pages 173-200.
  6. Oded Galor & Nachum Sicherman, 1988. "A Theory of Career Mobility," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 51, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  7. Kathryn L. Shaw, 1984. "A Formulation of the Earnings Function Using the Concept of Occupational Investment," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(3), pages 319-340.
  8. Sicherman, Nachum, 1991. ""Overeducation" in the Labor Market," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(2), pages 101-22, April.
  9. Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2008. "Zur Logik betrieblicher Qualifizierungsstrategien im internationalen Vergleich," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0020, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
  10. Brian P. McCall, 1988. "Occupational Matching: A Test of Sorts," Working Papers 617, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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Cited by:
  1. Stuth, Stefan & Hennig, Marina & Allmendinger, Jutta, 2009. "Die Bedeutung des Berufs für die Dauer von Erwerbsunterbrechungen," Discussion Papers, Presidential Department P 2009-001, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  2. Stops, Michael, 2012. "Job matching across occupational labour markets," IAB Discussion Paper 201227, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  3. Bernd Fitzenberger & Astrid Kunze, 2005. "Vocational Training and Gender: Wages and Occupational Mobility among Young Workers," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 392-415, Autumn.
  4. Burkert, Carola & Seibert, Holger, 2007. "Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?," IAB Discussion Paper 200731, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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