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Does Government Ideology Matter in Monetary Policy? A Panel Data Analysis for OECD Countries

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  • Ansgar Belke

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)

  • Niklas Potrafke

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany)

Abstract

This paper examines whether government ideology has influenced monetary policy in OECD countries. We use quarterly data in the 1980.1-2005.4 period and exclude EMU countries. Our Taylor-rule specification focuses on the interactions of a new time-variant index of central bank independence with government ideology. The results show that leftist governments have somewhat lower short-term nominal interest rates than rightwing governments when central bank independence is low. In contrast, short-term nominal interest rates are higher under leftist governments when central bank independence is high. The effect is more pronounced when exchange rates are flexible. Our findings are compatible with the view that leftist governments, in an attempt to deflect blame of their traditional constituencies, have pushed market-oriented policies by delegating monetary policy to conservative central bankers.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Konstanz in its series Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz with number 2011-48.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 21 Dec 2011
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Handle: RePEc:knz:dpteco:1148

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Keywords: monetary policy; Taylor rule; government ideology; partisan politics; central bank independence; panel data;

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