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Localized Knowledge Spillovers and Regional Employment Growth: Evidence from Germany

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  • Eckhardt Bode

Abstract

The present paper aims at explaining the regional deconcentration of economic activities in (West) Germany during the past two decades. Using an idea-based endogenous growth model that encloses several innovative sectors, and in which economic activity is subject to externalities of agglomeration, we test the hypothesis that human-capital intensive activities in (technical) manufacturing R&D, manufacturing management, and producer services continue to concentrate on agglomerations because of localized knowledge spillovers, while manufacturing production which does not benefit directly from knowledge spillovers deconcentrates because of agglomeration diseconomies. The empirical results from cross-section regressions for 75 West-German regions are in line with the hypothesis on spatial deconcentration of manufacturing production due to agglomeration diseconomies, but clearly reject the hypothesis on ongoing spatial concentration of high-skilled workers driven by knowledge spillovers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 938.

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Date of creation: Jul 1999
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Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:938

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Cited by:
  1. Christiane Krieger-Boden, 2000. "Globalization, Integration and Regional Specialization," Kiel Working Papers 1009, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Knödler, Hermann & Albertshauser, Ulrich, 2001. "Glocalisation, foreign direct investment and regional development perspectives : empirical results for West German regions," HWWA Discussion Papers 117, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  3. Krieger-Boden, Christiane, 1999. "Nationale und regionale Spezialisierungsmuster im europäischen Integrationsprozeß," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 2294, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  4. Alejandro Diaz-Bautista, 2005. "Convergence and Economic Growth considering Human Capital and R&D Spillovers Convergencia y Crecimiento Economico en Mexico considerando al Capital Humano y derrames en Investigacion y Desarrollo," Urban/Regional 0506012, EconWPA.
  5. Funke, Michael & Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Spatial R&D spillovers and economic growth : evidence from West Germany," HWWA Discussion Papers 98, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  6. Gerlach, Andrea & Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang, 2005. "Formen und regionale Verteilung des Wissenstransfers von Hochschulen: Eine repräsentative Fallstudie für Jena," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2005,1, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.
  7. Jens Suedekum, 2006. "Concentration and Specialization Trends in Germany since Re-unification," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(8), pages 861-873.
  8. Anne Otto & Michaela Fuchs & Wolfgang Dauth, 2011. "Long-term processes of regional concentration and dispersion - fuzzy evidence for Western Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa10p537, European Regional Science Association.
  9. Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2000. "Räumliche Wachstumszusammenhänge - empirische Befunde für Deutschland," HWWA Discussion Papers 84, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  10. Sauer, Thomas & Stoetzer, Matthias-Wolfgang & Gerlach, Andrea, 2007. "Forms and regional distribution of knowledge transfer by German universities," Jena Contributions to Economic Research 2007,3, University of Applied Sciences Jena, Department of Business Administration.

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