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The emergence of multinational enterprises: Simulation results

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  • Kleinert, Jörn

Abstract

In the last decades, foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased strongly among industrialised countries. U.S. companies were the first to set up foreign affiliates followed later by companies from smaller industrialised countries. This paper develops a general equilibrium model of bidirectional intra-industry FDI between industrialised countries, in which this specific time pattern emerges. In contrast to the existing literature on FDI, this paper shows that falling transport costs first lead to increased FDI activities and only later to decreased FDI. Additionally, FDI is more likely to occur in industries with differentiated products, higher scale economies on company relative to plant level, smaller inputs of intermediate goods and more differentiated intermediate goods.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 900.

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Date of creation: 1998
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Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:900

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  1. Markusen, James R., 1984. "Multinationals, multi-plant economies, and the gains from trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3-4), pages 205-226, May.
  2. Panic, M., 1997. "The end of the nation state?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 29-44, March.
  3. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1998. "Multinational firms and the new trade theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 183-203, December.
  4. S. Lael Brainard, 1993. "A Simple Theory of Multinational Corporations and Trade with a Trade-Off Between Proximity and Concentration," NBER Working Papers 4269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Jö Kleinert, 2001. "The Time Pattern of the Internationalization of Production," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 2(1), pages 79-98, 02.
  2. Jörn Kleinert, 2000. "Globalization of the World Economy: What Happened in 1985?," Kiel Working Papers 969, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

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