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The determinants of urban concentration

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  • Junius, Karsten
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    Abstract

    Urban concentration differs across countries. One determinant of these differences is economic development, which first increases and subsequently decreases urban concentration. I condition the degree of urban concentration on the potential of countries to develop a balanced urban system. These conditions are approximated by the land area, population density and density of the transportation system, which all decrease urban concentration. It is also found that countries with a long independent urban history have lower degrees of urban concentration than countries with a recent colonial past. Furthermore, I assess the impact of some historic variables and historic patterns of urban concentration on current patterns of concentration.

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    File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/46918/1/258084847.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 835.

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    Date of creation: 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:kie:kieliw:835

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    Related research

    Keywords: Industrialization; Urban Concentration; Economic Development;

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    1. Hsing, Yu, 1990. "A note on functional forms and the urban size distribution," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 73-79, January.
    2. Syrquin, Moshe, 1988. "Patterns of structural change," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 203-273 Elsevier.
    3. Summers, Robert & Heston, Alan, 1991. "The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 327-68, May.
    4. Moomaw, Ronald L. & Shatter, Ali M., 1996. "Urbanization and Economic Development: A Bias toward Large Cities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 13-37, July.
    5. Gordon H. Hanson, 1994. "Localization Economies, Vertical Organization and Trade," NBER Working Papers 4744, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-99, June.
    7. Glaeser, E.L. & Ades, A.F., 1993. "Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1646, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    8. Kamerschen, David R, 1969. "Further Analysis of Overurbanization," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(2), pages 235-53, January.
    9. Rosen, Kenneth T. & Resnick, Mitchel, 1980. "The size distribution of cities: An examination of the Pareto law and primacy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 165-186, September.
    10. Mera, Koichi, 1973. "On the Urban Agglomeration and Economic Efficiency," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 309-24, January.
    11. Alperovich, Gershon, 1992. "Economic Development and Population Concentration," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 41(1), pages 63-74, October.
    12. Parr, John B., 1985. "A note on the size distribution of cities over time," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 199-212, September.
    13. Junius, Karsten, 1997. "Economies of scale: A survey of the empirical literature," Kiel Working Papers 813, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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    Cited by:
    1. Thomas Straubhaar & Marc Suhrcke & Dieter Urban, 2002. "Divergence – Is it Geography?," Development Working Papers 158, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
    2. Maré, David, 2008. "Labour Productivity in Auckland Firms," Occasional Papers 08/9, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand.
    3. Arauzo-Carod, Josep-Maria, 2000. "Industrial Location Patterns In Catalonia: Industrial Mix And Human Capital," ERSA conference papers ersa00p136, European Regional Science Association.

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