The expansion of intra-Asian trade: an analysis of structural patterns and determinants
AbstractThe paper analyses sectoral patterns of intra-Asian trade for selected Asian countries as well as for sub-regions within Asia. Beyond a general trend towards manufactures, it reveals remarkable differences in specialisation profiles between lagging South Asian countries still concentrating on labourintensive products while forerunning East and Southeast Asian countries have successfully diversified their manufactured exports towards more skill-intensive products. Relative to extra-Asian trade, almost all sample countries concentrate their intra-Asian exports more on non-manufactures. Within manufactures, resource-intensive goods still play a larger role in intra-Asian trade than in trade outside Asia. This reflects both differences in factor endowments inside Asia but also differences in access conditions (trade policy). Growth in intra- Asian trade is attributed not only to overall economic growth but also to large declines in transaction costs. The latter is reflected in lower distance-oriented costs, trade liberalisation and, for sub-regions, to convergence in exchange rate changes. The paper sees no need for institutionalised regional integration but advocates continuing integration into the multilateral trading system complemented by some sort of regional co-operation concerning common rules of facilitating factor movements and enhancing policy coherence and stability.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its series Kiel Working Papers with number 792.
Date of creation: 1997
Date of revision:
Trade; Regional and Multilateral Integration; Transaction Costs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lewis, W Arthur, 1980.
"The Slowing Down of the Engine of Growth,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 70(4), pages 555-64, September.
- DeRosa, Dean A., 1995. "Regional trading arrangements among developing countries: the ASEAN example," Research reports 103, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
- Hughes, Helen, 1995. "Why Have East Asian Countries Led Economic Development?," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 71(212), pages 88-104, March.
- Green, David Jay, 1994. "Convergence and cohesion within the ASEAN-4," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 119-145.
- Arndt, H. W., 1993. "Anatomy of regionalism," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 271-282.
- Kiichiro Fukasaku, 1992. "Economic Regionalisation and Intra-Industry Trade: Pacific-Asian Perspectives," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 53, OECD Publishing.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dieter Stribny).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.